Handicraft and guilds in the late medieval cities
GRIN Verlag, 2009 - 32 pages
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - and. Lander - Mittelalter, Fruhe Neuzeit, Note: 1,1, Fachhochschule fur Wirtschaft Berlin, Veranstaltung: Unternehmen, Betrieb, Arbeit aus historischsozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Handcrafts played a vital role in the cities of the medieval times. In the fourteenth century for example, about 50 percent of the citizens of Nurnberg worked in the craft business. 50 percent and more was possible for the bigger cities in those times. Because of the importance of the crafts business I will deal with this topic in my homework. In the first part I'll focus on the handicraft enterprises in the cities and their special features in the medieval times. Then I'll discuss the system of apprenticeship, because it was quite modern for those times. Furthermore I will show that the foundation of cities and the development of the handicraft contributed to each other. Afterwards I'll focus on the craft guilds. In this part of the homework I'll give you a short overview, how guilds developed and in which way they were organised. Then I'll give an overview on functions of guilds and finally I'll deal with the question, whether guilds contributed to progress or if they handicapped it.
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50 percent apprentice apprenticeship become a master bigger cities called citizens city’s common concentrate craft craftsman’s different cities diploma division meant division of labour early division economic interest enterprise especially example finished product foundation of cities Furthermore the guild give up farming GRIN Verlag guild members guilds tried hand I think Handicraft and guilds Henning higher officials hindered historians think Hoffmann homework horizontal division important functions improved income influence Jonas journeymen late medieval cities lords mainly manufactures metalworking Mottek Normally the craftsmen officials were elected organisation overview policies political power population density increased positive effect possible private live production methods production process protected their members pushed the development regulations Reith restriction of competition rural area Schulfernsehen selling Seraphim specialisation spread tasks technical progress technologies think the guilds today’s took place town’s trades were available tried to stop urban Weyrauch