Hard Places: Reading the Landscape of America's Historic Mining Districts

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University of Iowa Press, 1997 - Business & Economics - 258 pages
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Working with the premise that there are much meaning and value in the "repelling beauty" of mining landscapes, Richard Francaviglia identifies the visual clues that indicate an area has been mined and tells us how to read them, showing the interconnections among all of America's major mining districts. With a style as bold as the landscape he reads and with photographs to match, he interprets the major forces that have shaped the architecture, design, and topography of mining areas. Covering many different types of mining and mining locations, he concludes that mining landscapes have come to symbolize the turmoil between what our society elects to view as two opposing forces: culture and nature.


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Reading the Landscape
Interpreting the Landscape
Perceiving the Landscape

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About the author (1997)

Richard Francaviglia is professor of history at the University of Texas at Arlington and director of the Center for Greater Southwestern Studies and the History of Cartography.

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