Hard Work: Defining Physical Work Performance Requirements
Hard Work: Defining Physical Work Performance Requirementsfocuses on physically demanding occupations that require strength and stamina, such as law enforcement, structural and wildland firefighting, mining, forestry, and the military. It is the first book to examine the relationship of recruitment practices, physical training, and physical evaluation to the intricate environment of corporations, labor organizations, the legal system, and employment rights.
Hard Workassists readers in making intelligent and informed decisions resulting in a safer, healthier, and more productive work force. Authors Brian Sharkey and Paul Davis have spent more than 70 years combined researching worker performance in physically demanding professions. Hard Workbrings their perspective as exercise scientists to an examination of these factors:
-Work requirements and capacity for physically demanding jobs
-Physical characteristics of the "athlete-worker," including aerobic and muscular fitness
-Test development, validation, and utilization in employee selection
-Employee health and job-related fitness
-Environmental factors affecting employee performance, such as heat, cold, and altitude
-Respiratory protection and lifting guidelines
-Legal aspects of employment, consequences of legal decisions, and a proposed alternative to litigation
Hard Work: Defining Physical Work Performance Requirementsis organized into five parts. Part I begins with definitions of the physically demanding occupation and characteristics of workers available for employment. The legal aspects of employment are also considered, including reference to age, gender, race, and disability.
Part II examines the value of initial and periodic evaluations, the test development process, and issues related to testing. Additionally, part II contains an examination of the effects of court decisions and labor unions on the evaluation processes of both new and incumbent employees.
Part III discusses implementation of recruit testing designed to determine those individuals who can and cannot perform the job. The inherent challenges in shifting from recruit testing to periodic tests for incumbents are described, and ways to evaluate the costs and benefits of testing and training programs are examined.
In part IV, the values and limits of medical examinations and employee wellness programs are considered. Part IV also discusses work physiology and its relationship to performance and presents the job-related physical fitness program as the essential element required for preserving career-long performance and health.
Part V discusses employee performance in extreme environments, respiratory protection devices and their impact on the worker, and guidelines designed to reduce the risk of back injuries. It concludes with an examination of legal issues and a proposed alternative to litigation using a collective approach that avoids confrontation and biased testimony and saves taxpayer money.
Hard Work: Defining Physical Work Performance Requirementssuggests how workers could benefit by working up to job requirements while maintaining their health, safety, and job performance. This unique text seeks to bring about a paradigm shift wherein workers are viewed as occupational athletes who, aided by effective recruitment, testing, and training, receive the necessary support to help them excel in their physically demanding workplace.
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The Joh and the Worker
P A R T I I
Testing New Employees
Chapter B Testing Incumbent Employees
Conflicts Conundrums and Consequences
Appendix B Functional Testing in Selection Placement and ReturntoWork
Work Output as a Function of Selectivity in Hiring
Appendix E Biochemical Evaluation of Workplace Stress
Appendix G Standard Operating Procedures
Assessment of Performance During Manual Timber Harvesting