Hate Crimes Sentencing Enhancement Act of 1992: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 4797 ... July 29, 1992
U.S. Government Printing Office, Jan 1, 1992 - Hate crimes - 214 pages
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Abrams ACLU Aryan Brotherhood Barclay basis believe bias crime bias-motivated bigoted bigotry bill BRUCE FEIN Chairman Chaplinsky civil rights color committed Committee compelling interest Congress constitutional constitutionally protected content-based Court held Crimes Sentencing Enhancement Dawson defendant defendant's discriminatory conduct distinction enhanced penalties enhancement law enhancement statute Equal Protection Clause ethnic evidence expression federal Fein fighting words fighting words doctrine ﬁnd ﬁrst amendment Floyd Abrams free speech Gellman guidelines harm hate crimes law Hate Crimes Sentencing hate crimes statute hate speech invalid issue Jim Ramstad Justice Scalia legislation Minnesota Supreme Court national origin obscenity offense opinion Paul ordinance penalize penalty enhancement person prejudice problem prohibit proscribable punishment R.A.V. decision race racial hatred racist reason regulation religious S.Ct SCHUMER Sentencing Commission Sentencing Enhancement Act sexual orientation Smolla speciﬁc statement strict scrutiny subcommittee thought Title VII unconstitutional victim viewpoint discrimination violate violence Wisconsin Supreme Court