Haydn: The Creation

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Cambridge University Press, May 31, 1991 - Music - 135 pages
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Haydn's Creation is one of the great masterpieces of the classical period. This absorbing and original account of the work provides an indispensable guide for the concert-goer, performer and student alike.

The author places the work within the oratorio tradition, bearing in mind its intended early audiences in both Austria and England, and he contrasts the theological and literary character of the English libretto with the Viennese milieu of the first performances.

The complete text is provided in both English and German versions as a reference point for discussion of the design of the work and the musical treatment of the words, including questions of Haydn's pictorialism. A more detailed musical chapter examines the work through the movement types it employs -- arias and ensembles, recitatives and choruses -- distinguishing the Handelian model from Haydn's own classical idiom.

Nicholas Temperley also discusses the changing performance traditions of this work and surveys the critical reception throughout its history. In a useful appendix he quotes from the most significant critical literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

 

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Contents

Background
1
The English oratorio
3
Haydns career
4
Haydns oratorios
5
Theology
9
Religion in Georgian England
10
Religion in Catholic Austria
15
Haydns religion
16
Choruses
78
Orchestral movements
82
The Hymn
84
Excerpts from critical essays
89
William Gardiner 1811
93
Thomas Busby 1819
94
Edward Taylor ? 1834
95
PLA 1846
96

The libretto
19
Sources structure and revision
20
Literary character
24
Translation and adaptation
26
Composition performance and reception
31
First performances in Vienna
35
Publication
36
First London performances
39
Early Paris performances
40
First American performances
41
Critical reception
42
Design of the work
47
Musical unity
49
Text and musical treatment
52
Musical analysis
65
Accompanied recitative
66
Arias and ensembles
69
Hugo Wolf 1885
98
Paul Dukas 1904
100
Donald Francis Tovey 1934
103
Karl Geiringer 1963
106
Charles Rosen 1972
107
Performance practice
109
Vocal soloists
110
Orchestral forces
111
Continuo realization
113
Tempo
114
Embellishment
115
Dynamics and articulation
116
Editions currently available and numbering of movements
118
Notes
121
Bibliography
129
Index
132
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