Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar
University of Chicago Press, Aug 15, 1994 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 440 pages
This book presents the most complete exposition of the theory of head-driven phrase structure grammar (HPSG), introduced in the authors' Information-Based Syntax and Semantics. HPSG provides an integration of key ideas from the various disciplines of cognitive science, drawing on results from diverse approaches to syntactic theory, situation semantics, data type theory, and knowledge representation. The result is a conception of grammar as a set of declarative and order-independent constraints, a conception well suited to modelling human language processing.
This self-contained volume demonstrates the applicability of the HPSG approach to a wide range of empirical problems, including a number which have occupied center-stage within syntactic theory for well over twenty years: the control of "understood" subjects, long-distance dependencies conventionally treated in terms of wh-movement, and syntactic constraints on the relationship between various kinds of pronouns and their antecedents. The authors make clear how their approach compares with and improves upon approaches undertaken in other frameworks, including in particular the government-binding theory of Noam Chomsky.
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acceptable adjective agreement allow analysis anaphor appear argument assigned assume assumption attribute bear believe binding theory Chapter clause coindexed complement COMPS Condition consider constituent constraints constructions contains CONTENT contrasts corresponding daughter dependency determiner discussed distinct element English examples expect explain expressions fact feature further gerund give given governing grammar head hence HPSG illustrated indices INHER inherited interpretation involves John kind language leave lexical lexical entry lexical rule linguistic LOCAL Mary nature nominal NONLOCAL noted noun object person phrase picture position possible predicted present Principle problem promise pronoun properties proposed psoa quantifier question raising referent relation requires respect restriction role Sandy Schema semantic sentence sharing shown SLASH sort specified structure SUBCAT SUBCAT list subcategorized SUBJ SYNSEM syntactic theory trace treated turn types unexpressed University verbs