Head Start: Issues for the Second Quarter Century : Hearing Before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session ... April 17, 1990, Boston, MA.

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Page 6 - Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, it is indeed an honor to appear before you today and discuss the report of the Commission on both "Our Nation and the Sea.
Page 11 - I am the Sterling Professor of Psychology at Yale University and director of the Yale Bush Center in Child Development and Social Policy. I am delighted at the President's desire to increase Head Start's budget by $500 million, and...
Page 19 - Head Start is effective only when quality is high, when the individual local program meets the standards and criteria set forth by the national Head Start Act. There is a direct correlation between the quality of a Head Start program and its long-term effects: it is safe to conclude that the better the program, the more pronounced and lasting its positive effects on children and their families. Below a certain threshold of quality, the program is useless, a waste of money regardless of how many children...
Page 17 - President Carter, I chaired the committee that reviewed Head Start after its first 15 years. I have been involved in research and evaluation of Head Start and other early intervention programs for children and families for three decades.
Page 26 - On the other hand, only eleven percent of the eligible children in Kentucky are currently served. Thirteen of the counties in Kentucky have no Head Start at all and there are only four Head Start programs in the entire state of Colorado, and the largest serves fewer than 200 children.
Page 52 - ... sense of belonging during their Head Start experiences. Through their participation in Head Start and from their communications with Head Start staff, the parents appeared to feel that they belonged when they were at Head Start and that Head Start belonged to them. Thus we get a picture of Head Start as a forceful and effective institution in low-income communities where families often feel segregated and alienated from society and from the educational and service institutions that provide help...
Page 30 - ... in school, low-income young children need quality comprehensive, preschool programs. Currently, only one-fifth of the eligible children can participate in Head Start. Only of eleven percent of the elgible children in Kentucy are currently served. Thirteen of the counties in Kentucky have no Head Start at all. There are only four Head Start programs in the entire state of Colorado, and the largest serves fewer than 200 children. We support Congressman's Kildee's goal of expanding Head Start over...
Page 26 - A 1 988 study by the Administration for Children, Youth, and Families revealed that 47% of Head Start teachers earned less than $10,000 per year. Qualified staff are often forced to leave Head Start in order to meet the needs of their own families. Frequent...
Page 29 - ... offers the same hope and opportunity to America's neediest children and families. Today I want to speak with you about the need to provide sufficient funding to expand Head Start to reach all eligible children and families and to support quality imporovements to more effectively serve these low-income children and families. Our call to expand Head Start and support quality improvements is echoed by the business community who are concerned about the skills of their future workers and who recognize...
Page 129 - ... needed to be done for a long time. I think what is on the one hand very compelling about this project is that it is a research grant. The intent is to show that the children who are involved with our services will do better than a control group of children who are not involved. The flip side of that is that it is going to be very difficult for us to enroll families for whom we do not provide services when we see them slipping away as we have seen so many families slip before. And I think that...

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