Head Start Impact
Michael J. Puma
Nova Science Publishers, Jan 1, 2006 - Education - 278 pages
Since its beginning in 1965 as a part of the War on Poverty, Head Starts goal has been to boost the school readiness of low-income children. Based on a 'whole child' model, the program provides comprehensive services that include pre-school education; medical, dental, and mental health care; nutrition services; and efforts to help parents foster their childs development. Head Start services are designed to be responsive to each childs and familys ethnic, cultural, and linguistic heritage. The Congressionally-mandated Head Start Impact Study was conducted across 84 nationally representative grantee/delegate agencies. Approximately 5,000 newly entering 3- and 4-year-old children applying for Head Start were randomly assigned to either a Head Start group that had access to Head Start program services or to a non- Head Start group that could enrol in available community non-Head Start services, selected by their parents. Data collection began in fall 2002 and is scheduled to continue through 2006, following children through the spring of their 1st-grade year. The study quantifies the impact of Head Start separately for 3- and 4-year-old children across child cognitive, social-emotional, and health domains as well as ii on parenting practices. This book is essential reading for those in the education field.
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Description of the Study Sample
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4-year-old group access to Head African American age groups Appendix average impact Behavior Scale Black center-based programs Chapter child assessment Child's Race White classrooms cognitive Combined Fall English-Spring crossovers Demographic Covariate Onlv Difference in Impact Domain dummy variable effect sizes English and Fall English-English estimated impact Estimates of Factors Exhibit Factors That Moderate Fall English-Spring English Fall Spanish-Spring English grantee/delegate agencies group children Head Start centers Head Start children Head Start group Head Start participation Head Start program Head Start's Impact health status Hispanic Home Language Impact Between Subgroups impact of Head imputed Intent-To-Treat Impact Estimates Letter-Word Identification Measure Demographic Covariate Moderate Head Start's no-shows non-Head Start group non-Head Start sample Onlv With Fall Oral Comprehension Outcome Measure overall parent interview Parent Married percent phonological awareness PPVT race/ethnicity random assignment randomly regression saturated score skills social-emotional Spanish Spanish-English Spanish-Spring English Group spring standard deviation standard score Woodcock-Johnson