Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV
National Academies Press, Jan 1, 1988 - Science - 603 pages
This book describes hazards from radon progeny and other alpha-emitters that humans may inhale or ingest from their environment. In their analysis, the authors summarize in one document clinical and epidemiological evidence, the results of animal studies, research on alpha-particle damage at the cellular level, metabolic pathways for internal alpha-emitters, dosimetry and microdosimetry of radionuclides deposited in specific tissues, and the chemical toxicity of some low-specific-activity alpha-emitters. Techniques for estimating the risks to humans posed by radon and other internally deposited alpha-emitters are offered, along with a discussion of formulas, models, methods, and the level of uncertainty inherent in the risk estimates.
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absorbed dose aerosol alpha particles alpha radiation alpha-emitting americium analysis animals average beagles BEIR Biological Effects bone cancer bone sarcomas calculated carcinomas cells chromosomal cigarette smoking cohort committee concentrations cumulative exposure cumulative WLM decay deposition distribution dogs dose rate dose-response relationship dosimetry energy environmental epidemiological Equation Excess relative risk excess risk exposed exposure rate exposure to radon factors follow-up Health Phys human ICRP incidence increased induction inhaled injection intake International irradiation isotopes Laboratory leukemia lifetime risk linear liver cancers low-LET lung cancer lung-cancer mortality lung-cancer risk males Malmberget mastoid mastoid air cells measurements mining observed OOOOOOO parameters plutonium polonium population radiation dose radioactive radionuclides radium radium-dial radon daughters radon progeny radon-daughter exposure range ratio rats relative risk reported risk estimates skeletal dose statistical studies Table thorium Thorotrast tissue toxicity transuranic elements uranium miners values workers