Hearing on H.R. 1517, Foreign Flag Ships: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Labor Standards, Occupational Health, and Safety of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, Hearing Held in Washington, DC, May 13, 1993, Հատոր 4

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Էջ 84 - Each State shall fix the conditions for the grant of its nationality to ships, for the registration of ships in its territory, and for the right to fly its flag. Ships have the nationality of the State whose flag they are entitled to fly.
Էջ 7 - And so by comity it came to be generally understood among civilized nations that all matters of discipline, and all things done on board, which affected only the vessel, or those belonging to her, and did not involve the peace or dignity of the country, or the tranquillity of the port, should be left by the local government to be dealt with by the authorities of the nation to which the vessel belonged as the laws of that nation, or the interests of its commerce, should require.
Էջ 25 - I want to thank you for providing me with the opportunity to...
Էջ 84 - There must exist a genuine link between the State and the ship; in particular, the State must effectively exercise its jurisdiction and control in administrative, technical and social matters over ships flying its flag.
Էջ 126 - It has also been observed that an act of Congress ought never to be construed to violate the law of nations if any other possible construction remains...
Էջ 126 - an act of Congress ought never to be construed to violate the law of nations if any other possible construction remains . . ." We therefore conclude, as we did in Benz, that for us to sanction the exercise of local sovereignty under such conditions in this "delicate field of international relations there must be present the affirmative intention of the Congress clearly expressed.
Էջ 7 - We note that both of these points rely on additional American contacts and therefore necessarily presume the validity of the "balancing of contacts" theory of the Board. But to follow such a suggested procedure to the ultimate might require that the Board inquire into the internal discipline and order of all foreign vessels calling at American ports.
Էջ 10 - Nationals and companies of either Party shall be permitted to engage, within the territories of the other Party, accountants and other technical experts, executive personnel, attorneys, agents and other specialists of their choice.
Էջ 119 - US flag fleet we will continue to rely on US-owned and allied shipping resources to meet strategic commitments to our established alliances. The Department of Transportation is responsible...
Էջ 7 - From experience, however, it was found long ago that it would be beneficial to commerce if the local government would abstain from interfering with the internal discipline of the ship and the general regulation of the rights and duties of the officers and crew toward the vessel or among themselves.

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