Hedgehogs and Foxes: Character, Leadership, and Command in Organizations

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Palgrave Macmillan, Jul 15, 2008 - Business & Economics - 268 pages

In this compelling look at charismatic leaders and their leadership styles, Abraham Zaleznik asserts that leaders are either 'hedgehogs,' who view leadership as a single-minded track driven by unwavering rules, or 'foxes,' who assess and re-evaluate their goals and strategies based on ever-changing factors in business, politics, and culture. Covering dynamic personalities from Dwight Eisenhower to Martin Luther King, Jr., Zaleznik draws illuminating conclusions about psycho-politics and negotiations of power and command, celebrating innovative problem-solving skills.

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Contents

Eisenhower in the Military and the Presidency
9
Ronald Reagan and His Lieutenants
23
Character and Mood in Presidential Leadership
45
Admiral Hyman G Rickover
61
Florence Nightingale and Medical Reform
77
The Uses of Aggression in Overcoming Bureaucracy
95
Harold Geneen and ITT
121
The Myth and Reality of the Managerial Mystique
137
Purgation Through Violence
163
The Psychodynamics of Empowerment
175
Sharing the Secret of Command
187
A Study of Character
199
Identity Imagination and Command
211
Character and Fitness for Command
221
Bibliography
239
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Abraham Zaleznik is Konosuke Matsushita Professor of Leadership, Emeritus, Harvard Business School. He is the recipient of the Distinguished Service Award, 1996, and the McKinsey award for best article in the Harvard Business Review.

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