Hegel and the Third World: The Making of Eurocentrism in World History
Hegel, More Than any Other modern Western philosopher, produced the most systematic case for the superiority of Western white Protestant bourgeois modernity. He established a racially structured ladder of gradation of the peoples of the world, putting Germanic people at the top of the racial pyramid, people of Asia in the middle, and Africans and indigenous peoples of the Americas and Pacific Islands at the bottom. In Hegel and the Third World, Tibebu guides the reader through Hegel's presentation on universalism and argues that such a classification flows in part from Hegel's philosophy of the development of human consciousness. Hegel classified Africans as people arrested at the lowest and most immediate stage of consciousness, that of the senses; Asians as people with divided consciousness, that of the understanding; and Europeans as people of reason. Tibebu demonstrates that Hegel's views were not his alone but reflected the fundamental beliefs of other major figures of Western thought at the time.
With detailed analysis and thorough research, Hegel and the Third World challenges the central idea of Hegel's philosophy of history: progress. In addition, Tibebu succeeds in providing a fascinating critique of the Western philosopher's rationalization of the gradual decline suffered by the people of the Third World in the context of modern world history.
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The Hegel Controversy
P A R T 0 N E Dialectic of Nature and Spirit
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absolute abstract Africa proper African America animal Asia attain beauty Caucasian Caucasian race character China Chinese Christianity civilization classiﬁcation colonial conﬁned consciousness constitutes contrast critique culture deﬁnes deﬁnition despotism dialectic discourse distinction domain Douglass Egypt Egyptian emphasis added Empire enslavement essential Eurocentrism Europe European existence external Fanon fear ﬁnd ﬁrst freedom Germanic Greece Greek Hegel calls Hegel says Hegel writes Hegel’s philosophy Hegel’s view Hegelian Hinduism human idea identiﬁes India Indian caste system individual inﬂuence justiﬁed Lectures magic Marx Marxist master modern Mongols Montesquieu nations Native Americans nature negative Negro object Oriental Persia Persian Empire Phenomenology Philosophy of History Philosophy of Religion philosophy of world political principle race racial racism reﬂection regarding relation Roman Rome self-consciousness sense sense-certainty sensuous signiﬁcance slave slavery social speciﬁc spirit struggle for recognition sublation symbolic art thing thought Tibebu tion unity Univ universal West Western world history