Hellenic Religion and Christianization: C. 370-529

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BRILL, 1993 - Religion - 430 pages
This work discusses the decline of Greek religion and the christianization of town and countryside in the eastern Roman Empire between the death of Julian the Apostate and the laws of Justinian the Great against paganism, c. 370-529.It examines such questions as the effect of the laws against sacrifice and sorcery, temple conversions, the degradation of pagan gods into daimones, the christianization of rite, and the social, political and economic background of conversion to Christianity. Several local contexts are examined in great detail: Gaza, Athens, Alexandria, Aphrodisias, central Asia Minor, northern Syria, the Nile basin, and the province of Arabia.It lays particular emphasis on the criticism of epigraphy, legal evidence, and hagiographic texts, and traces the demographic growth of Christianity and the chronology of this process in select local contexts. It also seeks to understand the behavioral patterns of conversion.
 

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Contents

The Philoponoi of Alexandria and Hellenic Religion
1
Aphrodisias
52
Asia Minor
74
Arabs and Aramaeans in the Syrian Countryside
134
Inscriptions
173
A Semitic View
184
The Syrian Countryside Christianization and the World Beyond
200
Conclusions
204
The Orontes Basin
274
The North Slope of Djebel Riha Djebel Zawiyeh
279
Southern Djebel Riha
283
Tarutia Emporon and Its Environs
295
Central and Southern Djebel ilAla
301
Conclusions
311
The One God Inscriptions
313
The Bostrene Djebel Hauran and the Ledja
317

The Nile Valley from Canopus to Philae
205
Shenute of Atripe and the Cults of the Middle Nile Valley
207
The Closure of the Isis Temple at Canopus c 48789
219
The Cults of Philae in the MidFifth Century
225
Christian Philae and the Synoikism of Cults
235
Conclusions
239
Sacrifice in FourthCentury Oxyrhynchus
241
The Antiochene and the Apamene
247
Djebel Siman
257
Djebel Halaqah
263
Djebel Barisha
268
The Bostrene
320
Djebel Hauran
339
The Ledja
358
Conclusions
372
The God of Aumos at Deir elLeben
375
Temple Conversions and the Survival of Cult in the Early Sixth Century
377
Epilogue
380
Bibliography
387
Errata Additamenta to Part I
403
Copyright

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About the author (1993)

Frank R. Trombley has held visiting positions at Georgetown University, Dumbarton Oaks, University of California (Los Angeles), and King's College London. He is now a Lecturer in Religious Studies at Cardiff College, University of Wales.