Hellenistic Sculpture: The styles of ca. 100-31 B.C
This is the final volume in Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway's series of books covering the entire range of Greek sculpture, from its inception to its virtual end as it merged into the production of the Roman Imperial world. Volume III discusses sculptural works, both architectural and free-standing, from approximately 100 B.C. to the Battle of Actium (31 B.C.), which removed from power the last Hellenistic ruler. Although some monuments may belong to the years just before or just after this timespan, Ridgway's aim is to concentrate on works plausibly dated to the first century B.C., even those with highly controversial chronologies.Famous sculptures—the Laokoon, the epic groups from the Sperlonga cave, the Belvedere Torso, the bronze Boxer in the Terme Museum, and many others—are discussed together with less well known pieces. Ridgway gives special emphasis to the finds from two shipwrecks—the Mahdia and the Antikythera wrecks—that provide a reasonable terminus ante quem, and argues that many of the stylistic trends and decorative objects usually considered typically Roman instead have their roots in the Greek world. This last Hellenistic phase is perhaps the most interesting of the three because it documents, to a great extent, the transformation of the products of one culture into those of another with different interests and priorities. Far from being an unimaginative, inferior output driven by commercial considerations, the statuary of the first century B.C. is vibrant and inventive, drawing from many sources in a stylistic eclecticism.
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The Last Century
Epic Subjects Originals and Copies
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Agora Akropolis altar ancient Antikythera Antikythera wreck Antiochos Aphrodisias Aphrodite Apollo Archaic Archaistic Artemis Athenian Athens Attic attributed Augustan base Belvedere Torso bibl Boston Throne bronze carved century chiton chronology Classical composition context copies cult cult images decoration Delos depicted Diomedes Dionysos discussion earlier Eleusis Ephesos figures findspot fragments frieze funerary Greek hairstyle head Herakles Herculaneum Hermes Heroon Himmelmann identified Imperial infra Karyatids Kommagene kraters Laokoon Late Hellenistic LIMC Louvre Maenads Mainz mantle marble Mattusch monuments Moreno motifs Museum Naples Nemrud Dagh Neo-Attic Odysseus original P. C. Bol Palagia Palladion Pasiteles perhaps period Plate Polykleitan Polyphemos portrait pose probably prototype reconstruction refs rendering replica Rhodes Rhodian Riace Warriors Ridgway Roman Rome satyr sculpture shoulder so-called specific Sperlonga statue statuette stele style stylistic suggested supra Temple terracotta torso traditional Villa votive reliefs workshop Youth