Henry IV of Germany 1056-1106
This is the first book in English devoted to the German king and emperor Henry IV (1056-1106), whose reign was one of the most momentous in German history and a turning-point in the history of the medieval empire (the kingdoms of Germany, Italy and Burgundy). The reign was marked by continuous rebellions and fluctuating fortune. Earlier monarchs had also witnessed conflict between crown and aristocracy, but Henry IV's reign differed in that his conflicts could never be definitively resolved either by negotiation or by war. During the 1070s the young king gained a lasting reputation for tyranny, while his assertion of the crown's traditional rights over the imperial church aroused papal opposition. The alliance between the German princes and the papacy haunted Henry IV for the rest of his life. He meanwhile, by turns opportunist and compromiser, dedicated himself at all times to preserving the traditional rights of the monarchy.
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The minority 10561065
Henry IV and Saxony 10651075
THE CONFLICT WITH DOPE GREGORY VII
Henry IV the imperial Church and the reform papacy 10651075
Worms Canossa Forchheim 10761077
Civil war in Germany 10771081
The second Italian expedition 10811084
EMPEROR HENRY IV 10841106
abbey Abbot Adalbert Adalbert of Bremen advisers Agnes allies Anno Anno of Cologne anti-king appointed Archbishop army assembly Augsburg Bamberg Bavaria Bernold Berthold Berthold of Reichenau Billung bishops Bonizo Bremen Bruno Burchard Canossa Carinthia chronicler Chronicon Cologne conferred Conrad council Count court crown decree deposition faction duchy duke Ekbert Ekkehard election emperor empress enemies envoys episcopal excommunication expedition Fenske Frederick Frutolf Gawlik Gebhard Gebhard of Salzburg German kingdom Gesta Godfrey Goslar Gregory VII Halberstadt Henrician Henry IV Henry IV's Henry's imperial Church investiture Italy king's kingship letter Liber de unitate Liutizi Magdeburg Margrave Matilda Merseburg Meyer von Knonau negotiations Northeim oath Otto of Northeim Otto's peace Peter Damian pope pope's rebellion rebels reform papacy Regensburg Registram reign restoration Roman Rome royal diplomas Rudolf Salian Saxon princes Saxonicum Speyer Swabia synod Theoderic Thuringian Tuscany Udalric vassals Vogel von Knonau 1900 Welf Welf IV Wibert Worms young king