Henry of Ghent's Summa: The Questions on God's Unity and Simplicity (articles 25-30), Volumes 25-30
This volume continues Professor Roland Teske's translation of a series of important questions from Henry of Ghent's Summa of Ordinary Questions (Summa quaestionum ordinarium). It contains the Latin text of questions 25 through 30 (which treat of God's unity and simplicity), a close English translation, a philosophical introduction, and notes identifying all of Henry's sources. Moreover, there is a glossary of Henry's often complex technical terminology. The questions translated in this volume impressively reflect the changed intellectual climate in the last quarter of the thirteenth century, after the condemnations of 1277. To Henry, Aristotelianism is not a viable option for a Christian thinker. Reading the Philosopher "with greater historical accuracy than Thomas Aquinas," as Teske writes, Henry reaffirms the Catholic faith vigorously against the influence of a philosophy that, in his view, applies principles of Greek metaphysics to Christianity without sufficient discernment. Henry develops many of his positions in critical dialogue with Thomas Aquinas, whom he associates with the overly enthusiastic kind of Aristotelianism that he helped condemn in 1277.
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accidens accord actu alio aliqua aliquid aliud Aristotle Augustine autem Averroes Avicenna Boethius caetera causa circa compositio compositionem compositum creatura creature cuius Deum Deus dicendum quod dicitur dictum diverse divine eius enim eorum ergo essence essendi essentia esset etiam exist forma genus habet Henry of Ghent huiusmodi Ibid id quod idem ideo illa illud inquantum insofar intentione ipsa ipso ipsum John Damascene licet materia Metaphysicae Metaphysics modo modum mover nature necesse neque nihil nisi non est non-being numerus omne omnino omnis Philosopher place as follows potency potentia potest primo primum principium propter Proslogion quae quam quia quod Deus quod est quod hoc ratione rationem says in book scilicet secundo secundum quod dicit sicut simpliciter solum species subiecto substance substantia Summa sunt supposite supra tamen tantum things tunc unitas unity unum unus vero vita vivere