## High Energy Radiation from Black Holes: Gamma Rays, Cosmic Rays, and NeutrinosBright gamma-ray flares observed from sources far beyond our Milky Way Galaxy are best explained if enormous amounts of energy are liberated by black holes. The highest- energy particles in nature--the ultra-high-energy cosmic rays--cannot be confined by the Milky Way's magnetic field, and must originate from sources outside our Galaxy. Understanding these energetic radiations requires an extensive theoretical framework involving the radiation physics and strong-field gravity of black holes. |

### Contents

1 | |

Chapter 2 Relativistic Kinematics | 14 |

Chapter 3 Introduction to Curved Spacetime | 25 |

Chapter 4 Physical Cosmology | 36 |

Chapter 5 Radiation Physics of Relativistic Flows | 50 |

Chapter 6 Compton Scattering | 70 |

Chapter 7 Synchrotron Radiation | 117 |

Chapter 8 Binary Particle Collision Processes | 160 |

Chapter 14 SecondOrder Fermi Acceleration | 351 |

Chapter 15 The Geometry of Spacetime | 379 |

Chapter 16 BlackHole Electrodynamics | 417 |

Chapter 17 HighEnergy Radiations from Black Holes | 452 |

Essential Tensor Calculus | 473 |

Mathematical Functions | 488 |

Solutions of the Continuity Equation | 492 |

Basics of Monte Carlo Calculations | 497 |

Chapter 9 Photohadronic Processes | 187 |

Chapter 10 γγ Pair Production | 227 |

Chapter 11 BlastWave Physics | 258 |

Chapter 12 Introduction to Fermi Acceleration | 314 |

Chapter 13 FirstOrder Fermi Acceleration | 327 |

Supplementary Information | 499 |

Glossary and Acronym List | 505 |

509 | |

531 | |