Highway User Benefits Analysis of the National Highway System
Council of Ministers Responsible for Transportation and Highway Safety (Canada), Hickling Lewis Brod Inc
Hickling Lewis Brod Incorporated, 1998 - Interstate Highway System
The highway system in Canada is an important element in the development of the nation's economy and is key in promoting inter-provincial and international trade. Moreover, the highways are strategically important in that they assist in overcoming the potential disadvantage of spatial dispersion and they link remote communities to the centers of economic activity. Canada's highways are deteriorating and are subject to increasing demand, threatening Canadian productivity and competitiveness. The Council of Ministers Responsible for Transportation and Highway Safety has released a review of the current condition and investment needs of Canada's National Highway System (NHS). Three reports detail the condition of Canadian highways and the costs, impacts and benefits associated with its improvement. This report considers the NHS improvement plan, a set of proposed investments on 25 000 kilometres of highways spanning all of Canada's provinces and territories, and quantifies the prospective benefit to Canada from these improvements. This report contains 2 volumes: a final report and an appendices.
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METHODOLOGY OF EVALUATION
DATA SOURCES AND VALUES
THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM
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80 percent conﬁdence accident costs American Trucking Association Benefits Analysis Beneﬁts Category Benefits Category Probability Beneﬁts Matrix billion Canada capital investment Category Probability Value Change in HC Change in Number climate and terrain damage accidents avoided divided no access Emission Cost Savings Emission Savings include evaluation Expected Upper ﬁrms Fuel Consumption Millions HC Emissions Thousands HICKLING LEWIS BROD injury only accidents interchanges lanes divided LEWIS BROD INC maintenance and repair methodology Metric Tons National Highway System net present value network effect NHS improvement plan Number of Fatalities Operating Cost Savings partial access control percent conﬁdence interval physical units Probability Value Probability productivity growth proposed NHS improvement Reconstruction roadway Safety Savings include Savings include fuel Savings include savings scenarios StratBENCOST Summary of Impacts tire wear trafﬁc Transport Canada transportation Travel Time Millions Travel Time Savings trucks Upgrade 2-3 lanes Upgrade 4 lanes user benefits Vehicle Operating Cost