Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects: Islam, Rights, and the History of Kashmir

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Princeton University Press, 2004 - History - 335 pages
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Disputed between India and Pakistan, Kashmir contains a large majority of Muslims subject to the laws of a predominantly Hindu and increasingly "Hinduized" India. How did religion and politics become so enmeshed in defining the protest of Kashmir's Muslims against Hindu rule? This book reaches beyond standard accounts that look to the 1947 partition of India for an explanation. Examining the 100-year period before that landmark event, during which Kashmir was ruled by Hindu Dogra kings under the aegis of the British, Mridu Rai highlights the collusion that shaped a decisively Hindu sovereignty over a subject Muslim populace. Focusing on authority, sovereignty, legitimacy, and community rights, she explains how Kashmir's modern Muslim identity emerged.

Rai shows how the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was formed as the East India Company marched into India beginning in the late eighteenth century. After the 1857 rebellion, outright annexation was abandoned as the British Crown took over and princes were incorporated into the imperial framework as junior partners. But, Rai argues, scholarship on other regions of India has led to misconceptions about colonialism, not least that a "hollowing of the crown" occurred throughout as Brahman came to dominate over King. In Kashmir the Dogra kings maintained firm control. They rode roughshod over the interests of the vast majority of their Kashmiri Muslim subjects, planting the seeds of a political movement that remains in thrall to a religiosity thrust upon it for the past 150 years.


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Absolute rubbish !! Very skewed views, totally deficient in proper research. Being from Yale myself, I pity Mridu Rai and feel utterly disgusted to learn that such people are allowed to enter reputed institutions and misguide masses by distorting facts. Such people need to be fired and penalized.  

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Deliberate distortion of history and deluge of misinformation. Such hard up desperate bitches need attention and money, and they will write whatever u want them to write. She just can't stop writing totally biased misleading material, because she is SOLD, she will always remain a slave to the people she is catering to. 


Territorializing Sovereignty The Dilemmas of Control and Collaboration
Gulab Singh From Raja to Maharaja
A Tale of Two Treaties Separating Jammu and Kashmir from Lahore
The Social Structure of Kashmir
The Treaty of Amritsar and Vacating Power in Kashmir
Kashmir as Treasury Kashmir as Workshop
The Search for Legitimacy Gulab Singh as Rajput Ruler
The Consolidation of Dogra Legitimacy in Kashmir Hindu Rulers and a Hindu State
The Subjects of the State Separate and Unequal
Contested Sites Religious Shrines and the Archaeological Mapping of Kashmiri Muslim Protest
The Colonial Politics of Archaeology and Conservation in British India
Archaeology in the Service of the DograHindu State
Archaeology Kashmiri Muslim Protest and the Reclaiming of Religious Sites
Political Mobilization in Kashmir Religious and Regional Identities
Socioreligious Reform Movements Religious Identity and Political Mobilization
Kashmir for Kashmiris The Kashmiri Pandits and Regional Identity

Queen Victorias Proclamation and Religious Freedom in Jammu and Kashmir
The Imperial Assemblage of 1877 and Religious Princes
Maharaja Gulab Singh as a Hindu Ruler
Maharaja Ranbir Singh The Making of a Hindu State
The Obligations of Rulers and the Rights of Subjects
From Breakwaters in the Storm to Naturalized Rulers
The Colonial State the British Resident and the Obligations of the Dogra Rulers
Reforming the State or Protecting Privileges?
Representing Kashmiri Muslim Interests Regional or Religious Identity?
Of Lions Goats Ahmediyas and Ahrars IntraMuslim Rivalry in Kashmir
Constructing Kashmiriyat Religion and Rights

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About the author (2004)

Mridu Rai is Assistant Professor of History at Yale University.

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