Hiraizumi: Buddhist Art and Regional Politics in Twelfth-century Japan
In the twelfth century, along what were then the borders of the Japanese state in northern Honshu, three generations of local rulers built a capital city at Hiraizumi that became a major military and commercial center. Known as the Hiraizumi Fujiwara, these local powerholders were descendents of the ancient Emishi, for centuries rivals to the central Japanese state and only recently reluctant participants in the growing Japanese polity. At Hiraizumi, these rules created a city filled with art, from splendid temples and shrines to landscaped gardens and palatial residences that rivaled in scale and extravagance those found in Kyoto. This building program was at least in part an attempt to use the power of art and architecture to claim a religious and political mandate. At the same time, it was an encounter with a set of concerns that arose from the situation of the Hiraizumi Fujiwara as outsiders in an emergent cultural homogeneity defined by the center in Kyoto.
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The Fall of Hiraizumi
The Unruled East 10 The Emishi 12 Hitakami 13 The Northern
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Ainu Amida Amida hall Azuma kagami barbarian Bishamonten bodhisattva Buddha Buddhist Canon Bunji no chumon Byodoin capital center dais Chinese chinju shogun Chosho Chusonji Courtesy of Chusonji culture Daichojuin Dainichi Dewa provinces Emishi emperor Ennin Enryaku Enryakuji Enryuji fascicles Fujishima fushu Ganmon Go Shirakawa Golden Light Sutra Hakusan Hiraizumi Fujiwara Hiraizumi Mansion Hosshoji Isawa Japan Japanese Kanjizaioin Kannon Kanzan Kashoji kenkyu Kinai Kinrin Kitakami Basin Kitakami River Kiyohira Canon Kiyomori Kodai Konjikido Koromo Kyoto lacquer Lotus Sutra Minamoto Monju Monju Pentad monk Motohira and Hidehira Motsuji mummies Muryokoin Mutsu and Dewa Mutsu Province Nara natabori Nihon northern Honshu northwest dais Oishi Oshu Pagoda Sutra Phoenix Hall Prefecture Pure Land region Sankozo sculptures Sekkanke Shaka Shoku Nihongi Six Jizo statue Sudo Hirotoshi Sutra Repository Tadamichi Tadazane Taga Taira Takahashi Tomio temple Toba Tohoku Tokyo twelfth century worship Wutaishan Yakushi Yorinaga Yoritomo Yoriyoshi Yoshiie