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Page 27 - ... salt : if a coarse kind is required, it is sufficient to add a very small quantity of tin, and three or four cuartos worth of salt, which in this case must be added when the ingredient is ready for varnishing the vessel. " Five ingredients enter into the composition of the gold colour : copper, which is better the older it is ; silver, as old as possible ; sulphur ; red ochre ; and strong vinegar, which are mixed in the following proportions : of copper three ounces, of red ochre twelve ounces,...
Page 23 - Sultans, all Turkish or Circassian slaves, who filled Cairo with the most beautiful and abundant monuments that any city can show. The arts were in Egypt long before the Tartars became her rulers, but they stirred them into new life, and made the Saracenic work of Egypt the centre and headpiece of Mohammedan art.
Page 36 - Above all, the beauty of the gold pottery, so splendidly painted at Manises, which enamours every one so much that the Pope, and the cardinals, and the princes of the world obtain it by special favour, and are astonished that such excellent and noble works can be made out of the earth.
Page 26 - II., p. 175; 1908.  of lead, three or four pounds of tin, and as many pounds of a certain sand which is found there. All these ingredients are mixed into a paste resembling ice, which is broken small, pounded like flour, and kept in powder. This powder is mixed with water, the dishes are passed through it, and after being rebaked they keep their lustre. Next, in order to gild the pottery, they take the strongest vinegar mixed with about two reales of powdered silver, vermilion, and red ochre,...
Page 29 - ... it is then removed from there and broken up into small pieces, 'which are pounded fine in a handmortar with the quantity of vinegar already mentioned, and after having been well ground and pounded together for two hours the mixture is ready for decorating. It is well to observe that the quantity of varnish and gold-coloured mixture which is required for every object can only be ascertained by practice.
Page 25 - One of the earliest and most interesting notices relating to the preparation of this lustred ware is contained in a description by one of the royal archers, named Henry Cock, of the progress, performed in 1585, of Philip the Second from the court of Spain to Zaragoza.* Cock wrote of Muel, in Aragon : — " Almost all the inhabitants of this village are potters, and all the earthenware sold at Zaragoza is made in the following manner.
Page 27 - After the pottery is baked, it is varnished with white and blue, the only colours used besides the gold lustre ; the vessels are again baked; if the objects are to be painted with gold colour, this can only be put on the white varnish, after they have gone twice through the oven. The vessels are then painted with the said gold colour and are baked a third time, with only dry rosemary for fuel. " The white varnish used is composed of lead and tin, which are melted together in an oven made on purpose;...
Page 32 - IN PRINCIPIO ERAT VERBUM, ET VERBUM ERAT APUD DEUM, ET DEUS ERAT VERBUM.
Page 25 - The vessels are first fashioned to the required shape from a certain substance extracted from the earth of this locality. They are next baked in a specially constructed oven, and when removed from this are varnished with white varnish and polished, after which they are washed with a mixture of twenty-five pounds *The Arts and Crafts of Older Spain, Vol.
Page 36 - ... exported to all countries." This gold-coloured pottery is likely to have been similar to the siliceous glazed ware of the East. The next reference to lustred pottery is made by Ben Batutah, a celebrated Arab traveller, when travelling; from Tangiers to Granada, and when passing Malaga (1349-57) he says: "At Malaga the fine golden pottery is made, which is exported to the furthermost countries.