Historic Zuni Architecture and Society: An Archaeological Application of Space Syntax

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University of Arizona Press, 1996 - Architecture - 176 pages
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The historic architecture and settlements of the Zuni Indian Tribe in western New Mexico provide an unusual opportunity to investigate social change. In this monograph, the development of historic Zuni society is analyzed by delineating systematic links between the structure of Zuni society and the structure of architectural forms that the Zuni people built to facilitate their activities. Ferguson shows how the structure of open space within Zuni settlements was linked to defense. As long as the Zunis were subject to attack by Spaniards or Navajos, they built settlements that were difficult for outsiders to get into or move around in. As the need for defense waned, settlements became more open and accessible. He also shows how the internal spaces of traditional Zuni houses are oriented around the activities of the women--matriarchs of their families and clans. Federal housing projects tended to spatially isolate the activities of women from interaction with the rest of the household, thus instituting unexpected social change. Historic Zuni Architecture and Society utilizes an interdisciplinary approach, analyzing archaeological data using method, theory, and techniques from the fields of architecture, planning, and ethnology. Archaeologists will find in the book an innovative application of space syntax to archaeological problems, and cultural anthropologists and others interested in the history of the Zuni Indians will value its observations about changes that are currently taking place in Zuni social organization.
 

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Zunis belived everything in the univers is sacred.
Zunis made pottery and other artistic stuff.they made there houses out of natural resourses.

Contents

THEORY METHOD AND TECHNIQUES
11
PERSPECTIVES ON ZUNI SETTLEMENT
25
1888 with Frank Hamilton Cushings
54
50
81
ORGANIZATION OF OPEN SPACE
83
71
98
INTERNAL STRUCTURE
124
101
126
109
132
THE STRUCTURE OF ARCHITECTURAL
144
REFERENCES
153
INDEX
165
ABSTRACT RESUMEN
175
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About the author (1996)

T. J. Ferguson owns Anthropological Research, L.L.C., in Tucson, Arizona, where he is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona.