Historic Zuni Architecture and Society: An Archaeological Application of Space Syntax
The historic architecture and settlements of the Zuni Indian Tribe in western New Mexico provide an unusual opportunity to investigate social change. In this monograph, the development of historic Zuni society is analyzed by delineating systematic links between the structure of Zuni society and the structure of architectural forms that the Zuni people built to facilitate their activities. Ferguson shows how the structure of open space within Zuni settlements was linked to defense. As long as the Zunis were subject to attack by Spaniards or Navajos, they built settlements that were difficult for outsiders to get into or move around in. As the need for defense waned, settlements became more open and accessible. He also shows how the internal spaces of traditional Zuni houses are oriented around the activities of the women--matriarchs of their families and clans. Federal housing projects tended to spatially isolate the activities of women from interaction with the rest of the household, thus instituting unexpected social change. Historic Zuni Architecture and Society utilizes an interdisciplinary approach, analyzing archaeological data using method, theory, and techniques from the fields of architecture, planning, and ethnology. Archaeologists will find in the book an innovative application of space syntax to archaeological problems, and cultural anthropologists and others interested in the history of the Zuni Indians will value its observations about changes that are currently taking place in Zuni social organization.
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The Archaeological Study
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1979 farming villages analysis of variance analyzed architectural units axial integration axial lines axial space bedrooms buildings church confidence intervals control values core architecture core of Zuni distributed distributedness Dowa Yalanne early farming villages early seventeenth-century villages Figure graph Hawikku Heshoda Luwal'a Hillier and Hanson household HUD houses Kechiba:wa kiva Kroeber Kyakhma Refuge Kyaki:ma Lower Nutria 1979 mean RRA Mindeleff 1891 nondistributed North Suburbs Notched box plots number of rooms occupied Ojo Caliente open space structure plazas Pueblo in 1881 Pueblo Revolt relative asymmetry room blocks room functions RRA values Shalako Shundekya social groups social interaction social structure space syntax spatial arrangement spatial structure square meters structure of Zuni suburbs of Zuni syntactic measures tion Upper Nutria 1979 vernacular and HUD Wimaya:wa Zuni Core 1881 Zuni Core 1915 Zuni Indian Reservation Zuni Pueblo Zuni River Zuni social Zuni society Zuni suburbs Zuni vernacular houses
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