Historical Dictionary of Yemen
A small and extremely poor Islamic country, Yemen is located on the edge of the Arab world in the southernmost corner of the Arabian Peninsula. It was the product of the unification of the Yemen Arab Republic and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in May 1990. The location of the two Yemens on the world's busiest sea-lane at the southern end of the Red Sea where Asia almost meets Africa gave them strategic significance from the start of the age of imperialism through the Cold War. More vital today is the fact that Yemen shares a long border with oil-rich Saudi Arabia and is a key to efforts both to spread and to end global revolutionary Islam and its use of terror. The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Yemen has been thoroughly updated and greatly expanded. Through its list of acronyms and abbreviations, a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 800 cross-referenced dictionary entries, greater attention has been given to foreign affairs, economic institutions and policies, social issues, religion, and politics.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations
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1962 Revolution 20th century Abdullah Salih Aden Colony Aden Protectorate agreement al-Baydh al-Hamdi al-Hudayda al-Iryani al-Qaida al-Sallal Ali Nasir Muhammad Arab Baath Party became border Britain British conﬂict Council decade Democratic Dhufar early economic effort Egypt elections Ethiopia ﬁghting ﬁgure ﬁnally ﬁrst forces Gulf Hadhramawt highlands Husayn Ibrahim al-Hamdi Imam Yahya inﬂuence Iraq Islah Islamic Kuwait late leaders major Marib militant military modern Mukalla Nasser National Liberation Front North Yemen ofﬁce ofﬁcers organization Ottoman PDRY PDRY’s political port President Salih prime minister Qadi rebellion Red Sea reforms region remittances republican ROY’s royalists Salih regime Sanaa Saudi Arabia sayyid Secession in 1994 Shabwa Shaﬁi Shaykh signiﬁcant social South Arabia southern sultanate Taiz Tihama tion trade tribal tribes uniﬁcation in 1990 uniﬁed Union United Wadi Hadhramawt YAR’s Yemeni Civil Yemeni Socialist Party Yemeni uniﬁcation Zaydi Zaydi imamate