Historical linguistics: an introduction
This accessible, hands-on text not only introduces students to the important topics in historical linguistics but also shows them how to apply the methods described and how to think about the issues; abundant examples and exercises allow students to focus on how to do historical linguistics. Distinctive to this text is its integration of the standard topics with others now considered important to the field, including syntactic change, grammaticalization, sociolinguistic contributions to linguistic change, distant genetic relationships, areal linguistics, and linguistic prehistory. Examples are taken from a broad range of languages; those from the more familiar English, French, German, and Spanish make the topics more accessible, while those from non-Indo-European languages show the depth and range of the concepts they illustrate. This second edition features expanded explanations and examples as well as updates in light of recent work in linguistics, including a defense of the family tree model, a response to recent claims on lexical diffusion/frequency, and a section on why languages diversify and spread.
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analogical change analogy basic vocabulary borrowed Chapter Cholan Classical cognate sets comparative method consonant contexts correspondence set cultural daughter languages derived dialects distant genetic relationships distinct Estonian evidence example Finnish forms French fricative genitive singular German glottochronology grammatical grammaticalisation Greek Grimm's Law guages historical linguistics homeland homophony Huastec illustrated Indo-European internal reconstruction intervocalic involving K'iche K'ichean Kaqchikel language change language families Latin lexical linguistic area linguistic change loans loanwords Mayan languages meaning merger Modern English morpheme morphological Motocintlec Nahuatl nasals Neogrammarian nominative singular noun Old English original palatalisation participle pattern phonetic phonological plural postulate Proto Proto-Germanic Proto-Indo-European proto-language Proto-Mayan Proto-Romance proto-sound Q'eqchi reanalysis reflexive regular sound change related languages result Romance Rule Sanskrit seen semantic change shifted sound change sound correspondences Spanish speakers spelled stops subgrouping suffix syllable syntactic change Table traits Tzotzil variants velar verb Verner's Law voiced voiceless vowels words Yucatec