Hellenic Classicism: The Ordering of Form in the Ancient Greek World
This book describes the development of classical architecture in the countries bordering the Aegean sea from the 6th to the 3rd century BC. Against a background of philosophical, political and social transformation, it traces the development of the austere and functional Doric Order and the more sensual and orientalised Ionic Order by the architects of the Dorian and Ionian branches of the Achaean people, expressing the influence of the sky gods and the mother goddess respectively. However, the greatest achievements of classical architecture are arguably the products of Doric/Ionic hybridism - as in the principal buildings of the Athenian Acropolis, still revered as among the greatest works of art ever produced.
Hellenic Classicism takes the story on through the debilitating Peloponnesian wars to the triumph of emotion over reason expressed in the development of the Corinthian Order.
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5th century bc Achaean Acropolis agora Apollo Epicurius archaic architecture architrave Artemis Artemisium Athena Polias Athenian axial spacing base diameter Bassae building cap1tal capital carved cella centre colonnade column height respectively Corinthian corn1ce corner columns cult decorative Delphi diameter and column Dionysius dor1c Dorians Doric Order Doric temple echinus elements entablature Erechtheum feet 3 inches frieze front giving proportions Greek Hellenic Hephaesteum Heraeum horizontal Ictinus ideal inches)-a ratio intercolumniations Ionia Ionic mainland marble megaron metopes metres metres 6 feet moulding Museum mutules Number Olympia opisthodomos or1g1ns original Paestum palmette Parthenon pediment peristyle Persians Phidias Polycleitus portico pronaos pronaos and opisthodomos Propylaea prostyle pteron rebuilt relief roof Samos sanctuary sculpture sides southern Italy statue Stoa stone structure stylobate Temple of Aphaea Temple of Apollo Temple of Athena Temple of Hera Temple of Zeus terracotta theatre tholos timber torus triglyphs usually volutes walls width