History of Britain and Ireland: The Definitive Visual Guide

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Penguin, May 2, 2011 - History - 400 pages
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The History of Britain and Ireland traces the key events that shaped the societies living in the British Isles from the earliest times to the present day. From the Roman conquest of 43 CE to the Norman conquest of 1066, from the Elizabethan age of Shakespeare to the Victorian age of Charles Dickens, and from the Hundred Years War of the 14th and 15th centuries to the Iraq and Afghan wars of the 21st century, this beautifully illustrated book provides a definitive visual chronicle of the most colorful and defining episodes in British history.

The story begins at least half a million years ago when humans started to make their home in Britain. Around 3000 BCE, the first Britons were making their mark on the landscape at remarkable sites such as the stone village of Skara Brae in Orkney and the earliest earthworks at Stonehenge. They entered the annals of recorded history with Julius Caesar's exploratory expedition across the Channel in the late summer of 55 BCE. From then on the small group of islands off the west coast of Europe was never far from the center of world affairs: pioneering the industrial revolution, creating the largest empire the world has ever seen, fighting two world wars in the 20th century, and finally coming to terms with a new status in a fast-changing global economy.

The History of Britain and Ireland combines a spread-by-spread narrative of events with a wealth of supporting features on the decisive turning points in the long and fascinating story of the British Isles, and on the outstanding individuals-from Geoffrey Chaucer and Queen Elizabeth I to Charles Darwin and Winston Churchill-who helped shape that story.

 

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Contents

BRITONS AND INVADERS UP TO 1066 8
9
Introduction 10
10
Timeline 12
12
Britains First People 14
14
Stone Age Britain 16
16
STONEHENGE 18
19
Iron Age Britain 20
20
Caesars Invasion 22
22
Scottish Jacobites 202
202
BATTLE OF CULLODEN 204
204
Politics and Prime Ministers 206
206
Power of the Pen 208
208
Commercial Expansion 210
210
Colonial Conquests 212
212
America is Lost 214
214
SURRENDER AT YORKTOWN 216
217

Conquest and Resistance 24
24
HADRIANS WALL 26
27
A Distant Province 28
28
Outside the Empire 30
30
Life in Roman Britain 32
32
End of Empire 34
34
THE SUTTON HOO SHIP BURIAL 36
37
Holy Ireland 38
38
AngloSaxon Rulers 40
40
FRANKS CASKET 42
43
Christian England 44
44
Viking Raiders and Settlers 46
46
BOOK OF KELLS 48
49
ALFRED THE GREAT 50
50
Wessex Takes the Lead 52
52
Ireland in the Viking Age 54
54
Triumph of the Danes 56
57
Independent Realms 58
58
King Edwards World 60
60
MEDIEVAL BRITAIN 10661485 62
63
Introduction 64
64
Timeline 66
66
Norman Conquest 68
68
BATTLE OF HASTINGS 70
70
Norman Realm 72
72
DOMESDAY BOOK 74
75
Reign of a Powerful King 76
76
MURDER IN THE CATHEDRAL 78
79
Invasion of Ireland 80
81
England in the Crusades 82
82
Challenging Royal Authority 84
84
MAGNA CARTA 86
86
A Prosperous Realm 88
88
Subduing Wales 90
90
Scotlands Independence Struggle 92
92
BATTLE OF BANNOCKBURN 94
95
Hundred Years War Begins 96
96
Knights and Bowmen 98
98
BATTLE OF CRÉCY 100
101
The Black Death 102
102
The Peasants Revolt 104
104
LUTTRELL PSALTER 106
107
Religious Enthusiasm 108
108
Poets of the People 110
110
ELY CATHEDRAL 112
112
Change of Dynasty 114
114
Invasion and Revolt 116
116
The Later Hundred Years War 118
118
Merchants and Guilds 120
120
The Wars of the Roses 122
122
MEDIEVAL WEAPONS 124
124
TUDORS AND STUARTS 14851688 126
127
Introduction 128
128
Timeline 130
130
The Early Tudors 132
132
HENRY VIII 134
134
Religious Upheaval 136
136
Scottish Troubles 138
138
ELIZABETH I 140
140
English Society under the Tudors 142
142
TUDOR LIFE 144
144
Sailors and Privateers 146
146
The War with Spain 148
148
THE DEFEAT OF THE SPANISH ARMADA 150
150
The English Renaissance 152
152
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 154
154
Conquest and Plantation 156
156
The Union of the Crowns 158
159
THE GUNPOWDER PLOT 160
161
Colonial Expansion 162
162
LONDON AND THE RIVER THAMES 164
165
Charles I and Parliament 166
166
The Civil War 168
168
THE EXECUTION OF THE KING 170
171
The Commonwealth 172
172
Scotland and Ireland Subdued 174
174
The Restoration 176
176
Commerce and War 178
178
Pepyss Londonm 180
180
THE GREAT FIRE OF LONDON 182
182
Enquiring Minds 184
184
ST PAULS CATHEDRAL 186
187
The Glorious Revolution 188
189
RISE OF POWER 16881815 190
191
Introduction 192
192
Timeline 194
194
Succession Wars 196
196
TREATY OF UNION 198
199
The House of Hanover 200
200
Georgian Society 218
218
LANDED GENTRY 220
221
Disorder and Religious Revival 222
222
Scottish Enlightenment 224
224
New Horizons in the Pacific 226
226
GEORGIAN TRADE 228
229
Modernizing Agriculture 230
230
Inventors and Entrepreneurs 232
232
The Antislavery Movement 234
234
Reaction to the Revolution 236
236
Rebellion in Ireland 238
238
Napoleonic Wars 240
240
ADMIRAL NELSON 242
242
The War of 1812 244
244
BATTLE OF WATERLOO 246
247
INDUSTRY AND EMPIRE 18151914 248
249
Introduction 250
250
Timeline 252
252
The Regency 254
254
BRIGHTON PAVILION 256
256
Steam and Speed 258
258
ISAMBARD KINGDOM BRUNEL 260
260
ROYAL ALBERT BRIDGE 262
262
Years of Change 264
264
The Irish Famine 266
266
The Triumph of Reform 268
268
QUEEN VICTORIA 270
270
THE GREAT EXHIBITION 272
273
The Crimean War 274
274
Workshop of the World 276
276
Victorian Values 278
278
VICTORIAN ENTERTAINMENT 280
280
Cultural Conflict 282
282
VICTORIAN WORKHOUSE 284
285
Exploring the World 286
286
CHARLES DARWIN 288
288
British India 290
290
INDIAN MUTINY 292
292
Dominions and Emigrants 294
294
Imperialist Muscle 296
296
RAILWAY STATION 298
298
Irish Home Rule 300
300
The Boer War 302
302
The Edwardian Age 304
304
SINKING OF THE TITANIC 306
307
The Suffragettes 308
309
Trade Unionists and Socialists 310
310
The Road to War 312
312
MODERN TIMES 1914present 314
315
Introduction 316
316
Timeline 318
318
Britain Enters the Great War 320
320
Victory through Slaughter 322
322
FIRST DAY OF THE SOMME 324
325
The Home Front 326
326
WAR GRAVES 328
329
Peace and After 330
331
Irish independence 332
332
Crisis and Depression 334
334
THE JARROW MARCH 336
337
Life in the Twenties and Thirties 338
338
DOMESTIC APPLIANCES 340
340
Imperial Issues 342
342
The Abdication of Edward VIII 344
345
Slide to War 346
346
Britain Alone 348
349
WINSTON CHURCHILL 350
350
THE BLITZ 352
353
Life in Wartime Britain 354
354
THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN 356
356
An Allied Victory 358
358
The Postwar Years 360
360
The Modern Monarchy 362
362
Retreat from Empire 364
364
THE SUEZ CRISIS 366
367
The Cold War 368
369
Never Had it so Good 370
370
Britain Goes Pop 372
372
BEATLEMANIA 374
375
Conflict in Society 376
376
Troubles in Northern Ireland 378
378
Turn to the Right 380
380
MARGARET THATCHER 382
382
Wars in Peacetime 384
384
Facing the Future 386
386
Monarchs and Rulers 388
388
Index and Acknowledgments 390
390
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