History of Civilization in England, כרך 1

כריכה קדמית
D. Appleton, 1865
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His Age of Louis XIV
75
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
90
This absurd way of writing history was the natural result of
91
The spirit of doubt was a necessary precursor of improvement
105
Under some aspects nature is more prominent than man under others
109
The imagination is excited by earthquakes and volcanoes
115
Hooker contrasted with Jewel
116
CHAPTER III
121
Scepticism and spirit of inquiry on other subjects
123
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual
125
Intellectual truths are the cause of progress
131
The diminution of the warlike spirit is owing to the same cause 137139
137
Chillingworth compared with Hooker and Jewel
142
Illustrations of this from ancient Greece and modern Europe 143144
143
The discoveries made by political economists 150158
151
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 158160
158
EXAMINATION OF THE METHOD EMPLOYED BY METAPHYSICIANS FOR DIS
164
Comparison of the history of England with that of France 169171
169
Subsequent movement in the same direction and increasing indiffer
173
Necessity of ascertaining the fundamental laws of intellectual pro
176
Great advantage of this
180
Influence of religion on the progress of society 184191
184
And from Sweden and Scotland 191193
191
Influence of government on the progress of society
197
They have also increased hypocrisy and perjury 204205
204
The earliest histories are ballads 212215
212
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing men
216
A change of religion in any country also tends to corrupt its early
218
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 231232
231
And in the predictions of Stoeffler respecting the Deluge
239
Failure of these methods
243
Under James I and Charles I this opposition to authority assumes
259
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
269
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 279280
279
This alliance was dissolved by the Declaration of Indulgence 286287
286
After the Revolution the ablest men confined themselves to secular
299
Theology separated from morals and from politics 306307
306
Doctrine of personal representation and idea of independence
312
But discouraged by George III under whom began a dangerous
319
Importance of the Revolution
324
Ability and accomplishments of Burke 325329
325
He opposed the views of George III and was neglected by him 330_333
334
The king now favoured him 341342
341
Evidence of the illiberality of the French Protestants 399
399
They raise a civil war which was a struggle of classes rather than
406
Richelieu put down the rebellion but still abstained from persecut
415
Analogy between Descartes and Richelieu 428429
428
Fresh encouragement thus given to scepticism
430
But notwithstanding all this there was a great difference between
438
In England the nobles were less powerful than in France
444
This state contrasted with that of England
450
Illustration from the history of chivalry
456
Analogy between the Reformation and the revolutions of the seven
462
and Charles I vainly attempted to restore their power
468
The English rebellion was a war of classes 4694476
477
As such men were the leaders of the Fronde the rebellion naturally
483
CHAPTER XI
490
Servility in the reign of Louis XIV 491498
491
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
499
Also in zoology and in chemistry
505
Illustrations from the history of French art 511512
511
CHAPTER XII
517
Convocation first despised and then abolished
519
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen
528
VOLUME I
529
In France literature was the last resource of liberty
541
About the eleventh century the spirit of inquiry began to weaken
542
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 547550
547
CHAPTER XIII
553
His habit of looking at epochs
583
He weakened the authority of mere scholars and theologians
589
The discourses of Turgot and their influence
597
Coinciding with this the feudal system and an hereditary aristocracy
599
60
616
But was averted for a time by the most eminent Frenchmen direct
618
Calvinism is democratic Arminianism is aristocratic
626
And in Condillac
627
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
636
Relation between inventions discoveries and method and immense
645
Great and successful efforts made by the French in botany 652654
652
All these vast results were part of the causes of the French Revolu
658
After the fall of the Jesuits the ruin of the French clergy was
662
And in the establishment of clubs 664666
664
General reflections 670
670
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
673

מהדורות אחרות - הצג הכל

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קטעים בולטים

עמוד 172 - In no country, perhaps, in the world is the law so general a study. The profession itself is numerous and powerful ; and in most provinces it takes the lead. The greater number of the deputies sent to the congress were lawyers. But all who read, and most do read, endeavor to obtain some smattering in that science.
עמוד 333 - The storm has gone over me ; and I lie like one of those old oaks which the late hurricane has scattered about me. I am stripped of all my honours, I am torn up by the roots, and lie prostrate on the earth ! There, and prostrate there, I most unfeignedly recognize the Divine justice, and in some degree submit to it.
עמוד 172 - I have been told by an eminent bookseller, that in no branch of his business, after tracts of popular devotion, were so many books as those on the law exported to the plantations. The colonists have now fallen into the way of printing them for their own use. I hear that they have sold nearly as many of Blackstone's " Commentaries
עמוד 420 - Et si j'écris en français, qui est la langue de mon pays, plutôt qu'en latin, qui est celle de mes précepteurs, c'est à cause que j'espère que ceux qui ne se servent que de leur raison naturelle toute pure jugeront mieux de mes opinions que ceux qui ne croient qu'aux livres anciens...
עמוד 37 - Wages depend, then, on the proportion between the number of the labouring population, and the capital or other funds devoted to the purchase of labour; we wiU say, for shortness, the capital. If wages are higher At one time or place than at another, if the subsistence and comfort of the class of hired labourers are more ample, it is, and can be, for no other reason than because capital bears a greater proportion to population.
עמוד 18 - In a given state of society, a certain number of persons must put an end to their own life. This is the general law; and the special question as to who shall commit the crime depends of course upon special laws; which, however, in their total action, must obey the large social law to which they are subordinate.
עמוד 320 - ... all other qualities that go along with it impotent and useless. At present it is the plan of the court to make its servants insignificant.
עמוד 25 - Man muss wohl bemerken, dass wir hiedurch nicht die Wirklichkeit der Freiheit, als eines der Vermögen , welche die Ursache von den Erscheinungen unserer Sinnenwelt enthalten, haben darthun wollen. Denn ausser dass dieses gar keine transscendentale Betrachtung, die blos mit Begriffen zu thun hat , gewesen sein würde, so könnte es auch nicht gelingen, indem wir aus der Erfahrung niemals auf etwas, was gar nicht nach Erfahrungsgesetzen gedacht werden muss, schliessen konnen.
עמוד 127 - To do good to others ; to sacrifice for their benefit your own wishes ; to love your neighbour as yourself; to forgive your enemies; to restrain your passions; to honour your parents; to respect those who are set over you : these, and a few others, are the sole essentials of morals; but they have been known for thousands of years, and not one jot or tittle has been added to them by all the sermons, homilies, and text-books which moralists and theologians have been able to produce.
עמוד 128 - Pentateuch ; and let any man, if he is able, tell me in what important respects the rule of life has varied since that distant period. Let the Institutes of Menu be explored with the same view ; we shall arrive at the same conclusion. Let the books of false religion be opened ; it will be found that their moral system is, in all its grand features, the same.

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