History of Civilization in England, Volume 1

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D. Appleton, 1880 - 377 páginas
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Índice

Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
85
Narrow range of knowledge possessed by historians
93
Further illustration from Central America
105
Hooker contrasted with Jewel
116
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing men
118
MENTAL LAWS ARE EITHER MORAL OR INTELLECTUAL
121
Scepticism and spirit of inquiry on other subjects
123
Chillingworth compared with Hooker and Jewel
142
Comparison of the history of England with that of France 169171
169
Subsequent movement in the same direction and increasing indiffer
173
Necessity of ascertaining the fundamental laws of intellectual pro
176
Great advantage of this
180
Influence of religion on the progress of society 184191
184
And from Sweden and Scotland 191193
191
Influence of government on the progress of society
197
They have also increased hypocrisy and perjury 204
204
Object of the present work
212
A change of religion in any country also tends to corrupt its early
218
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 231232
231
And in the predictions of Stoeffler respecting the Deluge
239
Failure of these methods
243
Under James I and Charles I this opposition to authority assumes
259
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
269
Human actions if not the result of fixed laws must be due to chance
271
The clergy are naturally hostile to physical science because it lessens
278
The clergy to recover their ground allied themselves with James II 284285
284
Therefore history is the modification of man by nature and of nature
294
After the Revolution the ablest men confined themselves to secular
299
Theology separated from morals and from politics 306307
306
Doctrine of personal representation and idea of independence
312
But discouraged by George III under whom began a dangerous
319
Importance of the Revolution
324
Ability and accomplishments of Burke 325329
325
Statistics prove the regularity of actions in regard to murder and other
334
The king now favoured him 341342
341
His Age of Louis XIV
344
This also reacted upon England
348
But owing to the progress of knowledge a counter reaction
357
CHAPTER VIII
363
Greater power of the church in France than in England 364
364
The first sceptic was not Rabelais but Montaigne 372373
372
Fresh encouragement thus given to scepticism
430
But notwithstanding all this there was a great difference between
438
The nobles displace the clergy and celibacy is opposed by the prin
442
Effects of this difference between the two countries in the fourteenth
448
Power of the French nobles
455
His Morals Manners and Character of Nations
458
The pride of Englishmen encouraged the Reformation
461
and Charles I vainly attempted to restore their power
468
But in France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
477
As such men were the leaders of the Fronde the rebellion naturally
483
CHAPTER XI
490
Servility in the reign of Louis XIV 491498
491
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
499
Also in zoology and in chemistry
505
Illustrations from the history of French art 511512
511
CHAPTER XII
517
Convocation first despised and then abolished
519
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen
528
In France literature was the last resource of liberty
541
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 547550
547
CHAPTER XIII
553
Also respecting the number of marriages annually contracted
560
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
582
He weakened the authority of mere scholars and theologians
588
The discourses of Turgot and their influence
596
About the eleventh century the spirit of inquiry began to weaken
599
The intellect of France began to attack the state about 1750 602603
602
Abolition of the Jesuits
618
And in Condillac
624
Comparison of the moral with the intellectual element
634
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
636
The diminution of religious persecution is owing to the progress
642
Relation between inventions discoveries and method and immense
645
Recapitulation of preceding arguments
650
Great and successful efforts made by the French in botany 652654
652
All these vast results were part of the causes of the French Revolu
658
The historian must ascertain whether mind or nature has most influ
661
And in the establishment of clubs 664666
664
General reflections 570
672
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
673
After the fall of the Jesuits the ruin of the French clergy was
675

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