History of Structuralism: The sign sets, 1967-present, Volume 2

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U of Minnesota Press, 1997 - Philosophy - 416 pages
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The first comprehensive history of one of the most influential intellectual movements of the twentieth century.

Claude Levi-Strauss, Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan, Louis Althusser, Jacques Derrida, and Michel Foucault -- the ideas of this group of French intellectuals who propounded structuralism and poststructuralism have had a profound impact on disciplines ranging from literary theory to sociology, from anthropology to philosophy, from history to psychoanalysis. In this long-awaited translation, History of Structuralism examines the thinkers who made up the movement, providing a fascinating elucidation of a central aspect of postwar intellectual history.

Francois Dosse tells the stow of structuralism from its beginnings in postwar Paris, a city dominated by the towering figure of Jean-Paul Sartre. The work of Saussure became the point of departure for a group of younger scholars, and the outcome was not only the doom of Sartre as intellectual leader but the birth of a movement that would come to reconfigure French intellectual life and would eventually reverberate throughout the Western world.

Dosse provides a readable, intelligible overall account, one that shows the interrelationship among the central currents of structuralism and situates them in context. Dosse illuminates the way developments in what are usually distinct fields came to exert such influence on each other, showing how the early structuralists paved the way for later developments and for recent discourses such as postmodernism. The cast of characters related by Dosse includes those mentioned above as well as Roman Jakobson, Julia Kristeva, Pierre Bourdieu, Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, Tzvetan Todorov, andmany others. Chapters are devoted to major figures, and Dosse has done extensive interviews with the major and minor figures of the movement, furnishing an intellectual history in which historical players look back at the period.

This first comprehensive history of the structuralist movement is an essential guide to a major moment in the development of twentieth-century thought, one that provides a cogent map to a dizzying array of personalities and their ideas. It will be compelling reading for those interested in philosophy, literary theory, sociology, anthropology, linguistics, and psychoanalysis.

"Excellent.... Dosse reminds us that not only was structuralism an intellectual event of the sixties, it was also the cultural coup d'etat that both put an end to the reign of Sartre and existentialism and inaugurated the rise of the humanities". Le Figaro

"Dosse's work is exceptional in its pursuit of an honest and relevant archaeology that not only clarifies the past but offers lessons for the future". Liberation

 

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Contents

Derrida or Ultrastructuralism
17
Derridean Historicization and Its Erasure
32
Kristeva and Barthes Reborn
54
Structuralism andor Marxism
88
May 1968 and Structuralism or The Misunderstanding
105
NanterreMadness
107
JeanPaul Sartres Revenge
112
Structures Have Taken to the Streets
122
Extenuated Scientism
276
The Return of Ethics
282
Heirs to Keynes and Althusser and the Crisis
288
The Habitus
301
A Latecomer Discovers Epistemology
312
The Subject or The Return of the Repressed
324
From Biopower to an Aesthetics of the Self
336
An Autonomous Subject
350

The University Conquered
133
The Structuralist University
141
Still Going Strong
154
A Must
164
A Bust
179
Structuralism between Scientism Ethics and History
189
The Mirage of Formalization
191
From Explosive Literary Mourning to the Pleasure of the Text
200
The Figure of the Other
215
The Reconciliation of History and Structure
227
Discipline and Punish
247
The Golden Age of New History
260
The Decline
267
The Gulag Effect
269
History Returns
364
The Master Thinkers Die
376
The Crisis of Universalist Models and Disciplinary Retrenchment
391
Structural Naturalism
397
Assimilating the Program
408
Time Space the Dialogic
425
Clio in Exile
427
ATopoLogic
437
For a Dialogic
445
List of Interviewees
453
Notes
459
Index
507
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Page 511 - 25. Jacques Derrida, Positions, trans. Alan Bass (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981), p.

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About the author (1997)

Dosse is a historian and author.

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