History of Technology, Volume 31
A&C Black, Nov 22, 2012 - History - 272 pages
New work on early modern Europe has now opened up the hidden avenues that link changes of technologies with a complex of cognitive, institutional, spatial and cultural elements. It is true that all divisions of history wish to incorporate all other divisions unto themselves, but in the essays of our first collection there are specific cases and analyses clearly delineated to show how technologies and systems for the production, reproduction and representation of technological changes emerged out of fundamental aspects of European society and mentality. The question must be: How far were such fundamental aspects unique (in their entirety and configuration) to Europe?
The second collection on patent agency takes the modern industrialization of Europe as its focus, and illustrates the manner in which systems of intellectual property rights generated manifold agencies that acted to both spread and control the use of knowledge in advanced sites. Patent agency has been generally neglected by historians, one reason for this being the difficulty of defining effective agency beyond the obvious confines of those who were actually trained and remunerated as agents of invention. Informal networks or sites may have been crucial in converting general patent systems into local environs of technical advance.
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activity agency Allamand application architects architectural argued arsenal artisans Arts association Athanasius Kircher became Birmingham Britain British Cambridge CIPA circulation of knowledge cognition commercial construction culture discussion distributed cognition Dutch Republic Early Modern economic eighteenth century Elkington embodied Encyclopédie engineers Europe example experience experimental expertise firms global Harry Collins historians History of Technology Ian Inkster important in-between industrial property Inkster innovation instruments invention Jesuits Joel Mokyr John Journal KAREL DAVIDS late learned Lissa Roberts London machinofacture Madrid manufacture material mathematics mechanical metals nature Niccolò Tartaglia OEPM Parkes Parkesine patent agents patent business Patent Office patent systems Philosophical practical practitioners production professional registered Renaissance role Rome Royal Science scientific skill social Society Spain Spanish patent specific St Paul’s St Paul’s Cathedral tacit knowledge technical three-dimensional models tion trading zones University urban Vannoccio Biringuccio Venetian Venetian arsenal William Wren Wren’s