History of the Assyrians, Chaledeans, Medes, Lydians and Carthaginians

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General Books LLC, 2009 - Literary Collections - 240 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1850. Excerpt: ... be denied. But it was only a trick; for she cut the hide into the smallest thongs; and with them encompassed a large tract of land, on which she built a city called Byrsa, from the hide. But this is ridiculous, as it would lead to the conclusion that the Phenicians and Carthaginians spoke Greek, or that the Punic language was of Greek origin. As the town increased, the inhabitants excavated a port, which was called Cothon, and which became a great maritime and commercial emporium. This port was built, according to Dionysius and Valleius Paterculus, about sixty years before Rome, or 813 B. c. The Magara, or Magalia, which resembled a large suburb with fine gardens, probably owed its name to the first Phenician habitations, called in the language of the country Magar, or Magalia. The whole was called Carthage, a name which Bochart and others deduce from two oriental words, Charta Hadatta, "the new city;" Dr. Hyde, from Chadre Hanacha, the "chamber of rest," or "palace of repose;" and Servius, whose opinion seems the most correct, from Charta, a city in the vicinity of Tyre, to the monarchy of which Dido bore a near relation, and from whence she came. This very city is called by Cedrenus, Chartica, or Chartaca, that is, Charta Aca, or Charta Ace, the city of Acco, Aca, or Ace, a famous maritime city of Phenicia, near Tyre, in the portion of the tribe of Asher. It is now called St. Jean d'Acre, and is famous for the several sieges it has undergone, as in the time of Richard the Lion-hearted, who took it after a long and vigorous defence. It was again taken from the Christians by Bendocdar, the Mameluke sultan 'of Egypt, being the last town possessed in Palestine by the knights of St. John of Jerusalem. In more modern times, it sustained a siege by that fierce...

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