History of the Catholic Church in the United States

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General Books LLC, 2009 - Law - 436 pages
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Book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1892. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CONCLUDING CHAPTER. THE SECOND PLENARY COUNCIL OF BALTIMORE. Taking a general view of the Church during the period embraced in this volume, we see a steady growth from 1844, notwithstanding two great politicoreligious combinations against her, sacrificing the lives of her people, their churches, institutions, and homes. Such violence was felt, but could not arrest the movement. From 709 priests, 675 churches, and a Catholic population of 811,800, in 1844, the number rose to fourteen hundred and ninety-two priests, fifteen hundred and forty-five churches, and a population of 1,698,300 in 1853; and to two thousand seven hundred and seventy priests, two thousand nine hundred and thirty churches and 3,842,000 souls in 1866. The most remarkable development of Catholicity was in New England, where, from forty-four priests and forty-two churches in 1844, the Church, in 1866, could number two hundred and seventy-two priests, and two hundred and sixty-three churches. The great belt of Catholic activity and life thus extended from the Potomac and the southern lines of Kentucky and Missouri, and westward from the Atlantic to the Rocky Mountains, extending northward to the British frontier. In this belt the progress was especially notable in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and the new Territories. South of this was the part which suffered so terribly by the Civil War, where the Catholics lost a large proportion of their churches and institutions, compared to the whole, and where in the poverty caused by the war and subsequent misgovernment, any attempt to recover lost ground was almost impossible, yet the dioceses of Wheeling and Mobile showed life and progress. In Louisiana the Church held her own, in Texas the growth was great. Ne...

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