Hizb'Allah in Lebanon: The Politics of the Western Hostage Crisis

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Springer, Nov 27, 1996 - Political Science - 257 pages
The abduction of Western citizens by Hizb'Allah was motivated either by internal organisational requirements or in alignment with Syrian and Iranian interests, and mechanisms for the resolution of the hostage-crisis were subject to continuous interaction between Hizb'Allah, Iran, and Syria influenced by internal Lebanese, regional, and international events. The Western responses to the hostage-crisis showed limited effectiveness as the crisis management techniques were poorly adjusted in timing and direction to the actual crisis environment. With the exception of the French response, the overall employment of Western crisis management techniques showed disregard for the opportunities and constraints in the fluctuating relationship between Syria and Iran as well as the political environment within Lebanon which the Hizb'allah operates and exists. This was clear by their failure to rely on either Iran or Syria as the only channel in negotiations over hostages without regard to their individual ability to exert its influence over the Lebanese movement in accordance with shifts in their ties to Hizb'allah's command leadership between 1987-1991 and to the status of the Iranian-Syrian relationship over time, as displayed by the friction between 1986-92. This study provides a new approach in the study of terrorism by merging a case-study of the dynamics of the Lebanese hostage-crisis with an evaluation of Western responses through crisis management techniques in order to more closely resolve the dilemma of the fulfilment of these states' duty to protect their citizens taken hostage abroad, without major sacrifices in the conduct of foreign policy.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Background to the Formation of the Hizballah in Lebanon
25
3 Hizballah and the HostageCrisis Within Lebanon
60
4 The Influence of the IranianSyrian Relationship on the Hizballah
110
5 Western Responses to the HostageCrisis and Crisis Management
134
6 Conclusions
178
Notes
207
Select Bibliography
241
Index
249
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MAGNUS RANSTORP

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