Hoaxes, Myths, and Manias: Why We Need Critical Thinking

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Prometheus Books, 2003 - Education - 229 pages
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...you are certain to be amused and amazed in equal parts ... an entertaining and enlightening book.-Psychology TodayThinking is an innate ability that most people take for granted. But like writing well or speaking effectively before the public, thinking well is a skill that can be learned and improved with practice. In this unique introduction to critical thinking, Robert Bartholomew and Benjamin Radford first lay out the principles of critical thinking and then invite readers to put these principles to the test by examining a series of unusual and challenging case studies. Assembling a wide range of bizarre but actual incidents from many cultures and various time periods, they demonstrate how the tools of critical thinking can help to unravel alleged paranormal events and seemingly mysterious behavior.What factors led to the Martian panic of 1938? Why did many people conclude that an alien spaceship crashed in Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947? How do we explain the panic expressed by otherwise normal Southeast Asian men who came to believe that a contagious disease was causing their genitals to shrink, or the frenzied dance manias that captivated thousands of Europeans during the Middle Ages? Bartholomew and Radford show that reality is very much a social construction, that cultural assumptions play a large part in our judgments about what is normal and what is deviant, and that the use of critical reasoning is our best means of ensuring an objective perspective.Robert E. Bartholomew, Ph.D. (Whitehall, NY), is an independent scholar, freelance writer, and the author (with George S. Howard) of UFOs and Alien Contact, among other books and articles.Benjamin Radford (Amherst, NY) is the managing editor of Skeptical Inquirer magazine and the author of numerous articles on critical thinking, hysterias, and urban legends.
 

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Contents

What Is Normal?
23
Strange Mental Disorder or Exotic Custom?
93
Religious Devoutness or Bizarre Ritual?
105
GenitalShrinking Scares
133
HTQREQQEW 10 The Dancing Mania of the Middle Ages
137
The Jumping Frenchmen of Maine
151
The Birthplace of the Flying Saucer
159
Englands Black Helicopters
187
Indias Monkey Man Mania
203
How to Recognize Mass Delusions
209
About the Authors and Contributors
220
Index
221
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Robert E. Bartholomew, Ph.D. (Whitehall, NY), is an independent scholar, freelance writer, and the author (with George S. Howard) of UFOs and Alien Contact, among other books and articles.

Benjamin Radford (Amherst, NY) is the managing editor of Skeptical Inquirer magazine and the author of numerous articles on critical thinking, hysterias, and urban legends.

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