Homes for Home Builders, Or, Practical Designs for Country, Farm, and Village

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David W. King
O. Judd, 1886 - Architecture, Domestic - 251 pages
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Page 242 - This will give the number of square inches covered per slate ; divide 14,400 (the number of square inches in a square,) by the number so found, and the result will be the number of slates required.
Page 242 - One hundred yards of plastering will require 1,400 laths, 4 bushels of lime, 18 bushels of sand, 9 pounds of hair, and 5 pounds of nails for two-coat work. Three men and one helper will put on 450 yards, in a day's work, of two-coat work, and will put on a hard finish for 300 yards.
Page 164 - River), to be free from loam or other impurities, aud to be screened through ai inch sand screen. Mortar. — The mortar is to be prepared from the cement and sand above specified in the proportion of one part of the cement to two parts of the sand. The materials are in all cases to be measured in the proportions above required and...
Page 243 - In hip-roofs, where the shingles arc cut more or less to fit the roof, add five per cent to above figures. A carpenter will carry up and lay on the roof from fifteen hundred to two thousand shingles per day, or two squares to two squares and a half of plain gable-roofing. One thousand shingles laid four inches to the weather will require five pounds of shingle-nails to fasten them on.
Page 26 - ... resin) dissolved in the best turpentine. They are cheaper, more flexible, dry more quickly, and are lighter in colour than oil varnishes, but are not so tough or durable. Spirit Varnishes or Lacquers are made with softer gums (lac and sandarach) dissolved in spirits of wine or pyroligneous spirit. They dry more quickly, and become harder and more brilliant than turpentine varnishes, but are apt to crack and scale off, and are used for cabinet and other work not exposed to the weather. Water Varnishes...
Page 116 - One of the best methods of laying concrete is by means of planks, to form the mold to hold the mortar — the planks being held in place by posts set at the angles of the wall, and at other points if necessary, and by clamps, both the planks and the clamps being held in place by wedges, all of which is shown in the accompanying engravings. Figure...
Page 120 - ... is mixed) makes a much quicker setting and harder concrete. When all cement and no lime is used, but a small quantity can be mixed at a time, for it sets so quickly, that it could not be placed in position before it became solid. The proportions for a smooth, solid concrete are : one part Portland cement to five parts sharp sand. If...
Page 243 - At the present time, the additional cost of laying slate in elastic cement varies from thirteen to fifteen per cent. SHINGLES The average width of a shingle is four inches: hence, when shingles are laid four inches to the weather, each shingle averages sixteen square inches, and...
Page 118 - Door and window frames are introduced in their places, and held by braces until the walls rise around them. MATERIALS USED. — It is best, unless indeed some one in the neighborhood has had experience, to test beforehand the proportions of sand, gravel, and lime, or cement, which are best suited to the proposed work.

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