Hope Or Despair?: Learning in Pakistan's Primary Schools

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995 - Education - 174 pages

Hope or Despair? asks what promotes and what holds back student learning in Pakistan's government-sponsored primary schools. Using a national sample of schools, students, teachers, and supervisors, it shows how learning is affected by student background, teachers and teaching, school supervision, facilities, and innovation. It is the first book to use achievement tests based on the national curriculum to show influences on learning in the primary schools of an entire developing country. The study also explores why some students complete primary school and others do not.

The overall quality of education in Pakistan's government primary schools is low, but student learning rises with the teacher's formal education and with certain teaching practices. Student social class, a strong influence on learning in the United States, makes little difference in Pakistan. Whether the teacher is male or female has no relationship to learning in science, but it does affect achievement in mathematics. Neither supervision nor school facilities are related to achievement. This unique study will be of great interest to those concerned with schooling effectiveness in developing countries as well as to economists, sociologists, and political scientists interested in human resources in those countries.


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Most of the book is just on the fake data collected by the BRIDGE project.There are some true things to mark but mostly the things already in the spotlight are refocused as they are new for the BRIDGE team and the co local members the allget along with the study just for the sake of the MONY provided to them by the BRIDGE Team.
inspite of all this i apriciate the work done by the TEAM But the Study at this time is tollay out dated
to read this book is just a waste of time and mony, just useless


Primary Schools in Pakistan
Students Enrollment Achievement and Completion
Teachers Supply Morale and Quality
Teacher Training Value Added or Money Wasted?
Gender and Achievement
School Buildings Textbooks and Supplies
School Organization Administration Management or Leadership?
Explaining Student Achievement
Educational Innovations Cases and Lessons
From Failure to Success

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Page iv - Centolella (1995) with kind permission from Elsevier Science, Ltd., The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, 0X5 1Gb, UK.

About the author (1995)

DONALD P. WARWICK is an Institute Fellow at the Harvard Institute for International Development and teaches in Harvard's Department of Sociology and Graduate School of Education.

FERNANDO REIMERS is an Institute Associate at the Harvard Institute for International Development where he specializes in education policy. Both authors have published extensively on education policy and schooling effectiveness.

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