Horizontal Consistency in the European Union External Action
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, University of Reading, course: LLM International Law, language: English, abstract: The Lisbon Treaty brought about substantial legal and institutional innovations to the external action of the European Union: In line with the principle of horizontal consistency, the dissertation aims at assessing how the Lisbon changes have affected areas of external actions individually and collectively as well as to what extent these changes have contributed to more consistent external policy. In the beginning of the analysis consistency is discussed as a multi-dimensional concept. The dissertation has focused on two aspects of horizontal consistency – inter-institutional and inter-policy horizontal consistency. Whereas inter-institutional horizontal consistency has focused on achieving synchronisation among the European institutions, inter-policy horizontal consistency is interested in coherent policy-making between the different external action areas, namely the Common Commercial Policy, the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the Common Security and Defence Policy, the development cooperation and the technical assistance with third countries.
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actors agreements areas of external Article Avery Brussels CFSP and non-CFSP coherence Common Commercial Policy Common Foreign Common Security Constitutional Cremona CSDP Defence Policy delimitation development cooperation EC Treaty economic EEAS effective common policy ensure consistency ensure the consistency EPC Working Paper EU’s external action European Community European Council European External Action European foreign policy European institutions European Neighbourhood Policy European Parliament European Policy Centre European Political Cooperation European Union’s external ex Art External Action Service external competences external representation Foreign and Security Foreign Policy Consistency Gaspers High Representative horizontal consistency implementation inter-policy consistency intergovernmental introduced Laeken Declaration legal basis Lisbon Treaty Member P.Van Elsuwege,’External Action pillar structure powers pre-Lisbon procedures provisions role Security and Defence Security Policy single legal personality special status specific third countries trade Treaty of Lisbon Treaty of Maastricht Treaty on European Union’s external action Union’s external relations vertical consistency