Hospital infection is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality following any procedure on the human body in the hospital. Infection arises primarily because of lack of knowledge by the hospital staff about sterilization. Today, majority of super-specialty hospitals import very expensive sterilizing equipment. However, very little effort is made to train the people who run these machines. We must understand that the machine is as clever or as dumb as the person behind it. Unfortunately, in spite of so many advances in health care and so many advances in medical education, many countries do not have a single recognized training program to train sterilization technicians. This is our effort in that direction to come up with a formal training program to train technicians in this vital area of health care delivery system. This book shall benefit technologists and Central Sterile Supplies Department (CSSD) staff as well as medical students and hospital administrators to understand the intricacies and workings of a successful CSSD unit and contribute to hospital infection control in a large way.
acid activity agents air removal autoclave bacteria bacterial spores bioburden biological indicator cause cell chemical indicators chlorine chlorine dioxide cleaning process concentration condensate container corrosion CSSD damage decontamination designed detergents disinfection dry heat effective endoscopes ensure environmental equipment ethylene oxide exposure fabric factors formaldehyde function germicides glutaraldehyde gravity displacement handling health care facilities hospital humidity hydrogen peroxide inactivation infection iodophors liquid load manufacturer mechanical medical devices method microbial microorganisms moisture monitoring Mrad nonwoven ofthe organisms packaging materials patient penetration peracetic acid performance phenolics plasma plastic polymer pouch pressure procedures radiation reprocessing residues resistance result reuse rinse saturated steam soil solution spores sporicidal steam sterilization sterile supplies sterility test sterilization cycle sterilization process sterilized items sterilizer chamber storage surfaces surfactants surgical instruments temperature test pack thermal trays tunnel washers ultrasonic ultrasonic cleaner vacuum vapor viruses wrap wrappers