Housing for the millions: John Habraken and the SAR (1960-2000)
The Dutch Foundation for Architectural Research (SAR) was established in 1965 as a research institute and remained active until the beginning of the 1990s. Its innumerable research reports, policy recommendations and practical experiments have profoundly influenced the shape of Dutch and international architecture and building practice, most especially in the 1960s and 1970s. Housing for the Millionsis primarily concerned with the philosophy of John Habraken, SAR's founder--in particular his new approach to the self-image and professional and social status of the designer, as well as the role and input of the resident. In his years as a researcher and professor at the Massachussetts Institute of Technology, Habraken has built an international reputation. This is the first time that the intellectual heritage of the SAR has been brought together in book form and considered within a broader international perspective. The subject matter of Housing for the Millionsis particularly pertinent right now, given the renewed emphasis on flexibility and interactive decision-making evident in government and private industry today.
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Aldo van Eyck Amsterdam Apeldoorn architects Bakema Bouw Broek building industry building process built environment Christopher Alexander ciam components concept concrete create criticism decision-making Delft dimensions Dommelen Dutch dwelling Eindhoven Eyck flexible floor plans Forum foundation Frans functions grid housing associations housing construction housing environment housing types housing units Ibid idea infill package Intermezzo Interview with Habraken involved J.B. Bakema Jaap Bakema John Carp John Habraken Jong Kudelstaart layout Maarssen Maarssenbroek manufacturers mass housing Matura ment Meuwissen modular coordination N.J. Habraken neighborhood Netherlands occupant Olphen Ommoord organization Papendrecht participation pilot project position prefabricated production public housing Randen realized Reijenga result role Rotterdam sar Archive sar method sar methodology sar research office sar's social space spatial standardized support and infill support structure Tijen tion University of Technology urban design urban tissue various Voorburg Werf wobo Wonen zones