How Implicit is Implicit Learning?: Edited by Dianne C. Berry
Oxford University Press, 1997 - Psychology - 245 pages
Implicit learning is said to occur when a person learns about a complex stimulus without necessarily intending to do so, and in such a way that the resulting knowledge is difficult to express. Over the last 30 years, a number of studies have claimed to show evidence of implicit learning. Inmore recent years, however, considerable debate has arisen over the extent to which cognitive tasks can in fact be learned implicitly. Much of the debate has centred on the questions of how unconscious, and how abstract, is implicitly acquired knowledge? The aim of this book is to provide studentsand researchers with a self-contained and balanced summary of the various theoretical and empirical positions that are currently shaping this exciting area of research.
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List of contributors
Nonconscious information processing and personality
A subjective unit formation account of implicit learning
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acquisition Altmann argued artificial grammar learning associative awareness behaviour Berry bigrams Brooks and Vokey chunks classifier systems Cleeremans Cognitive Psychology complex connectionism connectionist models conscious knowledge covariations criterion Dienes domain double dissociation Dulany encoding algorithms encoding style episodic episodic knowledge episodic memory Erlbaum evidence example exemplars experiment Experimental Psychology fragments framework grammatical strings implicit and explicit implicit knowledge implicit memory implicitly acquired knowledge information processing input instance instantiated involved issue Journal of Experimental learning tasks letter set letter strings Lewicki manipulation Mathews McClelland mechanisms Merikle metaknowledge mimetic nonconscious pattern perceptual performance Perruchet and Pacteau presented problem procedural knowledge Reber relevant rules self-perpetuation sensitivity sequence sequence learning Shanks and St situations specific stimuli structure subjects suggest symbolic synthetic languages tacit knowledge test items test strings theory THIYOS training strings transfer unconscious knowledge units verbal reports Vokey and Brooks well-formedness