How to Think Straight: An Introduction to Critical Reasoning

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Prometheus Books, Oct 5, 2010 - Psychology - 164 pages
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Practical reasoning and clear thinking are essential for everyone if we are to make sense of the information we receive each day. Being able to quickly know the difference between valid and invalid arguments, the contradictory versus the contrary, vagueness and ambiguity, contradiction and self-contradiction, the truthful and the fallacious, separates clear thinkers from the crowd.

How to Think Straight lays the foundation for critical reasoning by showing many ways in which our thinking goes awry. Celebrated philosopher Antony Flew entertainingly instructs on the many and varied faults that occur in argument, the power of reason, how to challenge assertions and find evidence, and how not to be persuaded by half-truths. Flew also examines poor reasoning, and why we should be concerned with finding the truth.

Lucid, terse, and sensible, with study questions and exercises to help along the way, this enlightening second edition will help you develop the skills necessary to argue and reason effectively by following a few simple, easy-to-remember directions.


From the Trade Paperback edition.
 

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Contents

Foreword
9
The Basic Equipment
11
IfThen and AllNone
33
Evasion and Falsification
49
Motives and Grounds
61
Minding Our Language
77
Figuring
95
A Chapter of Errors
115
The Final Foreword
137
Selected Bibliography
147
Index of Personal Names
153
Index of Ideas
159
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Antony Flew is emeritus professor of philosophy at Reading University, England, and the author of Atheistic Humanism; God, Freedom, and Immortality; Thinking About Social Thinking; and How to Think Straight.

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