Hua, a Papuan Language of the Eastern Highlands of New Guinea
There is no country in the world where as many different languages are spoken as in New Guinea, approximately a fifth of the languages in the world. Most of these so-called Papuan languages seem to be unrelated to languages spoken elsewhere. The present work is the first truly comprehensive study of such a language, Hua. The chief typological peculiarity of Hua is the existence of a 'medial verb'construction used to conjoin clauses in compound and complex sentences. Hua also shows a fundamental morphological distinction between coordinate and subordinate medial clauses, the latter are not 'tense-iconic', the events they describe are not necessarily prior to the event described in later clauses. Moreover their truth is always presupposed. The distribution and behaviour of a post-nominal suffix - mo provides insights into the nature of topics, conditional clauses, and functional definitions of the parts of speech. In phonology, the central rules of assimilation are constrained by the universal hierarchy of sonority, which may, however, be derived from binary features. These are some of the areas in which the grammar of Hua is unusually perspicuous. The present work aims at a standard of completeness such that it would be a useful reference work for research in almost any theoretical topic.
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3sg.ant a'ina ablaut rule adjectives allomorph anticipatory desinence avolitional BenaBena benefactive complement compound con conditional clauses conjoined consonant constraint cooccur coordinate medial copula deletion derived dgai distinction dual ergative fin.A Fumo function future auxiliary genitive Gimi glottal stop i-stem identical imperative indicative iness infixation interrogative invariably Kamani languages mamo marked marker meaning med.A mediáis medial clauses medial desinence medial verbs mo ri mood morpheme morphological negative nominal noun phrase occur Papuan languages personal desinences personal pronoun phonetic phonological plural possible potential topic suffix precedes predict pronoun prefixes protasis reduced vowels reduplication rel.A relative clauses roga root rules of coalescence same-subject medial semantic sentences shwa shwa insertion Siane sonority stress structure subjunctive subordinate medial suffix mo support verb syllable syllable onsets syntactic ta'a tense tion transitive verbs unmarked verb hu verb stem vocative woman words Yagaria