Human-Automation Interaction: Research and Practice

Front Cover
Mustapha Mouloua, Jefferson M. Koonce
Taylor & Francis, Feb 1, 1997 - Computers - 326 pages
Research and development in the field of man-machine systems has evolved tremendously in the last 20 years. For almost every man-machine system, whether in the aviation industry, medical systems, industrial process control, or just for use in leisure activities or the home environment, it is possible to see many automated systems and devices that have replaced the human component as a key element. The fast evolution in computer technology has transformed the course of our daily lives by making these technological innovations a viable option on which to rely.

These varied technological advances have reduced the burden of excessive physical and cognitive demands imposed upon human operators. However, they have also resulted in several behavior related problems such as a loss in situation awareness, increased mental workload, monitoring inefficiency, and inability to revert to manual control under systems malfunction.

Covering a wide variety of human factors issues across several domains of application, this volume represents a snapshot of a series of experimental and investigative studies concerned with the impact of automation technology on human performance. The topics addressed deal with both theoretical and applied issues. Although more emphasis was placed on the aviation industry, several other human-machine systems where automation technology is implemented are also represented.

This book enables students, scientists, and researchers from a variety of fields such as academia, government, and industry to achieve the following:
* review and update their basic and applied knowledge in several domains where automation technology is implemented;
* review and evaluate recent empirical studies on automation and human performance across several domains;
* address training issues and guidelines for the design of intelligent, hybrid human-machine systems; and
* discuss future trends in automation research applicable to the 21st century.

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Contents

Looking Ahead into the 21s Century
1
Reasons For and Countermeasures Against It
13
Do You Know What Mode You re In? An Analysis of Mode Error in Everyday Things
19
ANTHONY ANDRE ASAF DEGANI Interface Analysis Associates
29
Implications for Cockpit and Air Traffic Control
35
Human Use and Abuse of Automation
42
Strategies in SemiAutonomous Agent Systems
48
Losing Task Situation Awareness
53
The Challenge for Enhanced Human Performance
174
Integrating Human Factors into the Certification of Systems
181
A Rotor craft Pilots
186
A Large Scale Study
193
Temporal Effect on Alarm Response
203
Human Factors Research in Medical Systems
212
Can We Generalize Between Domains?
218
The Role of Proactive and Embedded Training in the Design of an Expert System
225

Men Without Machines
61
The Human Factors Approaches to Automation and Allocation of Functions
76
The Effect of Adaptive Air Traffic Control ATC Decision Aiding on Controller
84
HumanComputer Communication in Adaptive Automation
92
The Experimental Investigations of Mutual Reservation of Man and Machine
100
Integration and Dynamic Presentation
109
Effects of Aging and Workload on Monitoring of Automation Failures
118
Automation and Human Performance in Airline Pilot Training
126
Developing Supervisory Control Interface Tools for Task and Workload Management
137
A Laboratory Glass Cockpit Flight Simulator for Automation and Communication
143
Laboratory Flight Simulator for Automation and Display Design Research
151
Automation Issues in General Aviation
157
Patterns in the Use of Cockpit Automation
167
Perspectives and Considerations
233
HumanUser Medical Device Interactions in the Anesthesia Work Environment
241
Recent Advances and Major Issues
250
A European Strategy Towards
258
Synthetic Vision System for Low Visibility Airport Surface Movement
266
An Analytic Approach to Cultural Interactions in Complex Systems
276
A Conceptual Model and Experimental Study
286
Sociotechnical Factors Affecting Communication and Isolation in Complex Environments
298
BARRETT S CALDWELL University of WisconsinMadison
305
Some Questions About Advanced Automation
314
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
321
Copyright