Human Intelligence

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Joseph McVicker Hunt
Transaction Publishers, 1972 - Psychology - 283 pages
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What determines human intelligence? What is its relationship to creativity? Its potential for change? To illuminate some of these questions, J. McVicker Hunt has gathered together a number of essays previously pub­lished in fra/jsaction magazine. This volume contains some of the answers that have been found, out emphasizes that we still need to learn a great deal about developing ways to assess our human resources. We remain, for example, uncertain about what abilities pinpoint intelligence, and the extent to which intellectual aoility can predict classroom success--or even the ability to perform a job well.

Articles in this book sl'ow that indications of heritability have nothing to say about the educabiliry of individuals or classes or races. Investigations indicate that there is a great deal more plasticity in the development of behavior and abilities thnn was presumed by those who believe in predeter­mined intelligence. They also indicate that knowledge and ability both grow during the early years; knowledge grows throughout life; but the ability to acquire new knowledge

These areas of developing knowledge are of political as well as social significance. Any attempts to upgrade the abilities of the poor or the disadvantaged must necessarily be concerned with manipulation of the envir­onment. These articles represent the most advanced available information about the relationship of experience, environment and heredity to the de­velopment of measurable intelligence.


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Do Heritability Indices Predict Educability?
The Role of Experience in the Development of Competence
IntelligenceWhy It Grows Why It Declines
The Demographic Context of Metropolitan Education
Of Achievement Hope and Time in Poverty
How Teachers Learn to Help Children Fail
The SelfFulfilling Prophecy in Ghetto Education
Creativity and Intelligence in Children
The Creative Artist as an Explorer
A Revolution in Treatment of the Retarded
Changing the Game from Get the Teacher to Learn
Tracking in American High Schools
Rich Mans Qualifications for Poor Mans Jobs
About the Authors

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Page 7 - Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select — doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors'.
Page 10 - A very large number of congenital idiots are typical Mongols. So marked is this, that when placed side by side, it is difficult to believe that the specimens compared are not children of the same parents.
Page 9 - I have for some time had my attention directed to the possibility of making a classification of the feeble-minded, by arranging them around various ethnic standards, — in other words, framing a natural system to supplement the information to be derived by an inquiry into the history of the case. I have been able to find among the large number of idiots and imbeciles which come under my observation, both at Earlswood and the out-patient department of the hospital, that a considerable portion can...
Page 11 - The palpebral fissure is very narrow. The forehead is wrinkled transversely from the constant assistance which the levatores palpebrarum derive from the occipitofrontalis muscle in the opening of the eyes. The lips are large and thick with transverse fissures. The tongue is long, thick, and is much roughened. The nose is small. The skin has a slight dirty yellowish tinge, and is deficient in elasticity, giving the appearance of being too large for the body.

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