Human Rights and Social Policy in the 21st Century: A History of the Idea of Human Rights and Comparison of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights with United States Federal and State Constitutions

Front Cover
University Press of America, 1998 - History - 304 pages
0 Reviews
At the dawn of the 21st century, the idea of human rights has become a powerful social construct to fulfill human needs. This revised edition emphasizes the need to create a human rights culture, where public sentiment is in accord with human rights principles, especially those asserted in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, signed by the U.S. in 1948 and today increasingly referred to as customary international law. The book includes a foreword by David Gill. For additional information on the author, please visit www.humanrightsculture.org.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
RELEVANCE OF THIS RESEARCH PROJECT
3
PERSONAL MOTIVATIONS IN THIS RESEARCH PROJECT
7
Experiences in Europe and Alaska
8
REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
11
THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
14
A HISTORY OF THE IDEA OF HUMAN RIGHTS
23
THE NATURE OF RIGHTS
24
Civil and Political Rights
99
Economic Social and Cultural Rights
108
On Duties and Solidarity Rights
112
Additional Proposals
114
BEYOND THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION 1949THE PRESENT
116
United Nations Developments
117
Regional Developments
120
Theoretical Developments
123

The Relation Between Needs and Rights
25
The Three Generations of Rights
27
Kinds of Rights
30
The Interdependence of Rights
32
HUMAN RIGHTS IN ANTIQUITY
34
Judaism
36
Christianity
38
Islam
41
The Greeks
43
The Romans
46
THE MIDDLE AGES
48
Social Theorists
49
Historical Documents
53
THE RENAISSANCE
57
Social Theorists
59
Historical Document
61
THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT
62
Doctrine of Humanitarian Intervention
63
Social Theorists
65
The French Philosophers
67
Other Social Theorists
68
Native American Influence
70
Historical Documents
71
Developments in England
73
Further Developments in the United States
74
Developments in France
76
THE AGE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION
79
Historical Documents
83
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
86
THE UNITED NATIONS AND BEYOND
89
First Meetings of the Commission on Human Rights
92
The Draft of the Secretariat
94
Input from the UNESCO Committee on the Philosophic Basis for Human Rights
95
Developments Before the Third Session of the Commission
96
The Final Debates
98
The Vienna Declaration of Human Rights to the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration
128
COMPARISON OF THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION WITH THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
133
ANALYSIS OF THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION IN COMPARISON WITH THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
135
Discussion
149
Discussion of the General Welfare and Establish Justice Clauses
152
The General Welfare Clause
153
The Establish Justice Clause
156
COMPARISON OF STATE CONSTITUTIONS WITH THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
159
ANALYSIS OF STATE CONSTITUTIONS IN COMPARISON WITH THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
160
New Hampshire
161
Massachusetts
163
Rhode Island
165
Connecticut
167
Vermont
169
Discussion
170
Partial Rights
172
Summative Statements
173
IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL POLICY
181
STRATEGIES TO MODIFY UNITED STATES CONSTITUTIONS
184
Specific Recommendations For Constitutional Change
185
Additional Strategies
188
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE IN THE HUMAN SERVICES
191
PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN ADVANCING HUMAN RIGHTS
194
BIBLIOGRAPHY CHAPTERS ONE TO SIX
199
CREATING A HUMAN RIGHTS CULTURE
221
An Educational Agenda for the 21st Century
227
SCIENCE AND INDIGENOUS CULTURES
241
SOCIAL ACTION IN THE STRUGGLE FOR HUMAN DIGNITY
253
ON THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEES CONSIDERATION OF THE INITIAL REPORT OF THE USA ON THE INTERNATIONAL COVE...
279
A HUMAN RIGHT CURRICULUM
285
TESTIMONY FOR THE Act To Protect Universal Human Rights to Work and Live Life in Dignity
297
INDEX
301
Authors Biographical Sketch
305
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1998)

Joseph Wronka, Ph.D. is Professor in the School of Social Work at Springfield College, Massachusetts and Principal Investigator of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights project at the Heller School for Social Policy, Brandeis University.

Bibliographic information