Human Rights in Africa: Hearing Before the Subcommittees on Africa and on International Organizations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session, October 31, 1979
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980 - 93 pagini
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activities African countries alleged American Amnesty appear arrested asked assistance basis become believe BONKER Chairman changes church civil COHEN commission commitment concern continued convicted court critical death democracy Department detainees detention economic effect efforts embassy establishment Ethiopia example executed exists fact forces foreign freedom Gastil GRANT groups Guinea head held human rights problems human rights violations important improve individual interest International involved issues limited March meeting military needs officers opinion organizations particular person political political prisoners positive prepared present President prisoners protection province question reasons received recent regional relations reports representatives respect result rule Samora Machel seminar sentences situation SOLARZ South Africa statement Subcommittee thing tion torture treatment trial United United Nations violations Zaire
Pagina 25 - Everyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or detention shall be entitled to take proceedings by which the lawfulness of his detention shall be decided speedily by a court and his release ordered if the detention is not lawful.
Pagina 53 - TO REAFFIRM faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and TO ESTABLISH conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained...
Pagina 31 - torture" means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind...
Pagina 31 - No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture.
Pagina 53 - Chairman of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity shall draw lots to decide the names of those members referred to in Article 36.
Pagina 31 - State shall keep under systematic review interrogation methods and practices as well as arrangements for the custody and treatment of persons deprived of their liberty in its territory, with a view to preventing any cases of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Pagina 31 - ... of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.
Pagina 31 - Nations, as a violation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights...
Pagina 53 - DEDICATED to the general progress of Africa; PERSUADED that the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to the Principles of which we reaffirm our adherence, provide a solid foundation for peaceful and positive co-operation among States...
Pagina 31 - ... purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or confession, punishing him for an act he has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating him or other persons. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to, lawful sanctions to the extent consistent with the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners. 2. Torture constitutes an aggravated and deliberate form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.