Human Types: Essence and the Enneagram

Front Cover
Weiser Books, Jan 1, 1997 - Body, Mind & Spirit - 322 pages

The Socratic injunction, "Know Thyself," is the foundation for all work on selfdevelopment. Susan Zannos opens an illumination window on human behavior and temperament in her study of the basic human essence types. These types differ so much from each other, and are so greatly modified by the dominant type of intelligence operating in a particular person, that persistent and prolonged selfobservation is required to verify one's own type, or to recognize others. Recognition of these types and the division between essence and personality is the foundation upon which practical work on oneself begins.

Zannos Describes the basic human essence types with the hope of helping those who want to understand what is most genuine in themselves and the people with whom they live. Zannos approaches human typology from a variety of perspectives, and ties the Gurdjieff Ouspensky Fourth Way system to a wide range of cultural, religious, and scientific traditions. She traces roots in Homeric legend and the Olympian pantheon through medieval astrology and the Qabalah, as well as discussing endocrinology and psychology. She points out resonances to C.G. Jung's psychology, the work of Piaget, and to Native American iconography. After exploring the four types of intellectual function, she launches an extensive discussion of the classic types of the Enneagram, leavened by personal anecdote and lively description. While this book will be of special interest to Fourth Way students, the information can help people from all walks of life who want to learn about themselves and the people they care for.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Origins
1
Chapter 2 Ancient Wisdom
19
Chapter 3 Modern Research
33
Chapter 4 The Four Functions
49
Chapter 5 The Instinctive Mind
61
Chapter 6 The Moving Mind
77
Chapter 7 The Intellectual Mind
91
Chapter 8 The Emotional Mind
105
Chapter 13 The Saturn Type
189
Chapter 14 The Martial Type
207
Chapter 15 The Jovial Type
223
Chapter 16 The Solar Type
241
Chapter 17 The Enneagram
257
Chapter 18 The Combined Types
269
Chapter 19 Conclusion
307
Bibliography
315

Chapter 9 Recognizing Classic Types
123
Chapter 10 The Lunar Type
139
Chapter 11 The Venusian Type
157
Chapter 12 The Mercurial Type
171
Index
321
The Fellowship of Friends
Copyright

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