Human Anatomy and Physiology

Front Cover
McGraw-Hill, 1992 - Science - 978 pages
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For this new edition, the illustration programme has been revised to organize related art, photos and tables are now in a condensed format, and each part opens with a case study that aims to stimulate critical thinking and introduce students to the concepts present in that part.

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Contents

Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
2
HOW THE BODY 1 Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
4
The Appendicular Skeleton
8
ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY
14
Body Cavities
21
M
22
IS ORGANIZED 2 2 Essentials of Body Chemistry
28
Covalent Bonds
34
The Endocrine System
534
OTHER SOURCES OF HORMONES
538
Pancreas
544
Blood
550
Blood
552
Red Blood Cells Erythrocytes
555
Agranulocyles
561
Anticoagulation
568

ACIDS BASES SALTS AND BUFFERS
39
V
53
WHAT ARE CELLS?
55
Osmosis
61
Lysosomes and Microbodies
67
THE CELL CYCLE
73
HOW PROTEINS ARE SYNTHESIZED
79
Effects of Aging on the Body
86
STUDY AIDS FOR REVIEW
94
FORM AND FUNCTION
95
Exocrine Glands
103
Cartilage
113
The Integumentary System
122
SKIN
123
Developmental Anatomy of Skin
130
CHAPTER SUMMARY
139
PROTECTION SUPPORT
142
GROSS ANATOMY OF A TYPICAL LONG BONE
145
Endochondral Ossification
152
THE EFFECTS OF AGING
159
GENERAL FEATURES AND SURFACE MARKINGS
164
Bones of the Cranium
173
Temporal bones
179
Lumbar Vertebrae
191
Spina Bifida
197
THE UPPER EXTREMITIES LIMBS
203
Metacarpus and phalanges
209
Tarsus 216
216
Articulations
224
CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS
225
Terms of Movement
231
10
245
Muscle Tissue
250
SKELETAL MUSCLE
251
Allornone principle
257
ByProducts of Mechanical Work
263
Nervous Tissue 326
269
HOW MUSCLES ARE NAMED
275
LEVER SYSTEMS AND MUSCLE ACTIONS
282
PART
322
FUNCTIONAL UNITS OF THE NERVOUS
330
Based on Function
334
AIIorNone Principle
340
Presynaptic inhibition and presynaptic excitation
346
Nervous Tissue
349
The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
360
BASIC ANATOMY OF THE SPINAL CORD
361
Ventral and dorsal roots
368
Gamma Motor Neuron Reflex Arc
374
The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
377
DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY
384
AND COORDINATION 324 14 The Brain and Cranial Nerves
392
Ventricles of the Brain
399
Pons
405
Functions of the Cerebrum
411
Epithalamus
417
The Autonomic Nervous System
445
The Autonomic Nervous System
450
Parasympathetic Division
454
Coordination of the Two ANS Divisions
458
The Senses
463
Classification of Sensory Receptors
464
Neural pathways for proprioception
470
Physiology of Hearing
479
semicircular ducts
485
Accessory Structures of the Eye
494
Adaptation to light and dark
500
II
504
WHEN THINGS GO WRONG
507
STUDY AIDS FOR REVIEW
514
PITUITARY GLAND HYPOPHYSIS
520
THYROID GLAND
526
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
532
The Heart
579
Valves of the Heart
585
Coronary sinus and veins
591
Path of blood through the heart
597
Electrocardiogram as a diagnostic tool
604
WHEN THINGS GO WRONG
612
STUDY AIDS FOR REVIEW
619
Veins
625
Cerebral Circulation
631
Blood pressure
656
Blood Vessels
668
21
670
The lymphatic System
676
Lymphatic Capillaries and Other Vessels
678
DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY OF THE LYMPHATIC
684
NONSPECIFIC DEFENSES OF THE BODY
690
The Immune System
694
Classes of antibodies
697
Natural killer T cells
703
23
719
The Respiratory System
721
Trachea
725
MECHANICS OF BREATHING
732
Internal Respiration
739
NEUROCHEMICAL CONTROL OF BREATHING
743
MEDICAL UPDATE Cardiac Catheterization 590
749
24
750
INTRODUCTION TO
756
Chewing
763
STOMACH
772
lejunum and ileum
779
LIVER AS A DIGESTIVE ORGAN
787
Anatomy of the Large Intestine
793
DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE
799
WHEN THINGS GO WRONG
800
25
808
Chemiosmotic coupling of ATP production
817
LIPID METABOLISM
824
Dietary Proteins
830
METABOLIC RATE AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL
836
Disorders of Temperature Regulation
842
COMPONENTS
847
Glomerular Bowmans capsule
855
Tubular Reabsorption
861
Calcium 892
867
Hie I iiiyvtivi SssIciti
872
ACIDBASE BALANCE
893
Electrolyte Imbalances
900
The Reproductive Systems
906
Ejaculatory duct
912
Uterus
920
FORMATION OF SEX CELLS GAMETOGENESIS
927
Human Sex Determination
933
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
939
REPRODUCTION
945
Cleavage
946
V
951
Formation of Body Systems
953
Multiple Births
964
Human Growth and Development
968
Genetic Counseling
970
STUDY AIDS FOR REVIEW
976
A An Overview of Regional Human Anatomy A I
979
A Reference Gutde A 14
995
RECLASSIFICATION OF EPONYMOUS TERMS A 21
999
MEDICAL UPDATE
1001
G SOLUTIONS TO PARTOPENING CASES
1006
f Normal Laboralory Values tor Blood and Urine A
1015
SUGGESTED READINGS R 1
1017
GLOSSARY G 1
1051
MEDICAL UPDATE In Vitro Fertilization
1073
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

Robert Carola is an Italian-American writer in Connecticut.

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