Human Metabolism: Functional Diversity and Integration
The principle aim of this book is to explain how the metabolism supports physiological processes in the human body. It is important to have this information in order to understand how human health is affected by diet, exercise, disease, and trauma.
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An overview of metabolism
DIFFERENT ORGANS HAVE SPECIALIZED
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2-Oxoglutarate absorption acetyl-CoA acid synthesis activity adipocytes adipose tissue adrenaline alanine amino acid metabolism amino acids aspartate axon bile binding blood glucose Ca2+ carbohydrate carbon catabolism cells cholesterol chylomicrons coenzyme converted cyclic AMP cytoplasm dehydrogenase dietary effects energy energy-supplying substrates enterocytes enzymes excretion fatty acids formation fructose function glucagon gluconeogenesis glucose concentration Glucose-6-phosphate glutamate glutamine glycerol glycogen glycolysis hormones hydrolysis important increase inhibit insulin ions ketone bodies kidneys kinase lactate levels lipase lipid lipoprotein liver lumen mitochondrial matrix molecules muscle NAD+ NADH NADPH neurones neurotransmitter NH3+ NH4+ nitrogen noradrenaline nucleic acids nucleotides nutrients oxaloacetate oxidation oxygen pancreas peptide phospholipids phosphorylation production protein synthesis proton purine pyruvate reabsorption reaction receptor release responsible secretion small intestine starvation stimulates supply synthesis see Figure synthetase TCA cycle transport triacylglycerol tubule uptake urea vitamin VLDL